Locke 3 - Equality and Social Contract Theory 1. Does SCT...

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Equality and Social Contract Theory 1. Does SCT limit property inequality? (Is there a right to charity/welfare?) 2. Does SCT permit political inequality to follow from property inequality? Is there a Right to Charity? Standard view: No—natural private property rights are absolute, exclusive But: 1. Private property justified by FLN: preserve life 2. Private property takes away a liberty from others as much as it confers one to owner.
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Locke’s own view: First Treatise , ch. 4 par. 42: “God hath not left one man so to the mercy of another, that he may starve him if he please. . . . he has given his needy brother a right to the surplusage of his goods; so that it cannot justly be denied him, when his pressing wants call for it.” “As justice gives every man a title to the product of his honest industry, and the fair acquisitions of his ancestors descended to him; so charity gives every man a title to so much out of another`s plenty, as will keep him from extreme want, where he has no means to subsist otherwise. . . .”
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Locke 3 - Equality and Social Contract Theory 1. Does SCT...

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