Locke 4 - Goals of Social Contract Theory 1 Form of...

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Goals of Social Contract Theory 1. Form of legitimate state * justify coercive power of state * demonstrate its limits A state is legitimate iff free, equal persons would/could rationally consent to it 2. Grounds of individual obedience to state Individual must obey state iff * state is legitimate * individual has consented (explicitly or tacitly)
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Why people in SN will consent to a state Problems with SN (anarchy): * people biased in own cases * vulnerable to violation by stronger parties * anger carries punishment to excess * [property rights indeterminate in conflict] lack of common legislative, executive, judicial power insecurity of property, persons Free, equal persons in SN would rationally agree to state to protect their property Aim: eliminate insecurities of SN
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Basis of State Power Content of social contract * unanimous agreement * turn over all alienable natural rights to political society * in return for political rights under laws * decided by majority rule Contract * established political society, not particular government * irrevocable * among people, not between state and citizens
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This note was uploaded on 01/15/2012 for the course PHIL 359 taught by Professor Anderson during the Fall '09 term at University of Michigan.

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Locke 4 - Goals of Social Contract Theory 1 Form of...

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