Mill 1 - Mills On Liberty: 2 Principles 1. Harm Principle...

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Mill’s On Liberty : 2 Principles 1. Harm Principle (1st approx.): only reason to interfere with individual liberty = prevention of harm to others 2. Doctrine of Liberty: individuals have a right to a substantial sphere of action—the “self- regarding” sphere—in which they are free from social coercion Free thought, speech Private experimentation in ways of life With other consenting adults
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Mill’s Harm Principle: (1 st approx.) Prevention of harm to others = only reason justifying restriction of liberty Negative use of HP: exclude bad reasons: 1) paternalism: individual welfare seat belt, helmet laws prohibition of drugs, alcohol 2) moralism: moral objections to act voluntary sexual acts gambling dueling flag-burning
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Standard Reading of Mill on HP, DL 1. Utilitarianism HP via claim of expertise individual knows better than society how to promote own welfare 2. HP DL via harm-based df. of self- regarding sphere sphere of self-regarding acts = acts harmless to others 3. Positive use of HP: law may restrict liberty iff act harms others benefit of restriction exceeds cost
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Mill 1 - Mills On Liberty: 2 Principles 1. Harm Principle...

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