Religion 1 - Multiculturalism and Minority Religious Claims...

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Multiculturalism and Minority Religious Claims Multiculturalism: 1) societies composed of distinct cultural groups with diverse practices 2) each group entitled to freedom to follow own cultural practices, even when conflicts with generally applicable laws “maximum feasible accommodation”: state burdening of culturally distinct practices allowable only if justified by “compelling interest”
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Multiculturalism: Liberalism vs. Conservatism? No! L, C on both sides of issue Key: most M claims are religious For Multiculturalism: L: vs. cultural imperialism C: vs. secularization for right to follow higher authority of religious conscience (McConnell) Both: equal citizenship requires equal state benefits, burdens (Marshall, McConnell) Against Multiculturalism: L: individual autonomy > group practice Equality = opportunity (Barry) C: vs. “relativism” for state authority, social order (Scalia) majority rule > individ autonomy
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McConnell: Conflict of state, religious authority Problem of “citizenship ambiguity”: religious believers ackn. 2 authorities—God and state. How to avoid, adjudicate conflicts? 1. Civil Religion (Rousseau): Citizens must abandon distinct relig. i.d.’s 2. Separationism / Privatization (Locke) Religion governs private life State governs public life on neutral (secular)
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This note was uploaded on 01/15/2012 for the course PHIL 359 taught by Professor Anderson during the Fall '09 term at University of Michigan.

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Religion 1 - Multiculturalism and Minority Religious Claims...

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