9-15 - POLSCI 319 LECTURE MORONE/MCPHERSON 9/15/09...

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POLSCI 319 LECTURE MORONE/MCPHERSON 9/15/09 Constitution of 1787: Legacy salient through the 1850s Would not have been formed without concessions to slavery Northern Concessions to Slavery: Northeners wanted blacks in the South to count for 0 persons instead of 3/5 person so that there would be less representatives in Congress from the South, thus giving the North a higher chance of winning. o Better for blacks to count as 0 persons instead of 3/5 person (historical irony) Cotton gin o Makes slavery much more profitable slavery becomes a trend o Increase trade Fugitive slave clause: o Slave must escape to Canada Rendition = return; rendition of slaves = return of slaves Cannot ban importation of slaves Taxation also reduced to 3/5 person for slaves (very minimal taxation) Pre-era: country governed by the South (presidents were Southern slave owners) o Southern Democrats: states’ rights = used by free states o Craig v. State of Pennsylvania Democrats: pro-slavery; Southern Democrats most extreme Republicans: formed in 1854 *People did not anticipate how profitable slavery would become *U.S. one of only five slave societies in the whole world Slave society: political, economic, civil/social—every aspect of society integrated to reinforce slavery and is deeply rooted into their society
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This note was uploaded on 01/15/2012 for the course PHIL 359 taught by Professor Anderson during the Fall '09 term at University of Michigan.

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9-15 - POLSCI 319 LECTURE MORONE/MCPHERSON 9/15/09...

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