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9-17 - POLSCI 319 RECONSTRUCTIONFONER TIMELINE 1820...

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POLSCI 319 RECONSTRUCTION—FONER 9/17/09 TIMELINE : 1820 Missouri Compromise: an agreement passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti- slavery factions in the United States Congress , involving primarily the regulation of slavery in the western territories . It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30' north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri . 1854 Kansas Nebraska Act: created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska , opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries. The initial purpose of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was to create opportunities for a Mideastern Transcontinental Railroad . It was not problematic until popular sovereignty was written into the proposal. Popular sovereignty: allowed states to have slavery Led to the formation of the Republican Party (1854) Formed on the basis of non-extension [into Western territory] 1857 Dred Scott Supreme Court Decision: a slave in the United States who sued unsuccessfully in St. Louis, Missouri for his freedom . His case was based on the fact that he and his wife Harriet Scott were slaves, but had lived in states and territories where slavery was illegal, including
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