Thermodynamics HW Solutions 173

# Thermodynamics HW Solutions 173 - m 4 10 C W/m 15 1 1 C/W...

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Chapter 3 Steady Heat Conduction 3-34 Two of the walls of a house have no windows while the other two walls have single- or double-pane windows. The average rate of heat transfer through each wall, and the amount of money this household will save per heating season by converting the single pane windows to double pane windows are to be determined. Assumptions 1 Heat transfer through the window is steady since the indoor and outdoor temperatures remain constant at the specified values. 2 Heat transfer is one-dimensional since any significant temperature gradients will exist in the direction from the indoors to the outdoors. 3 Thermal conductivities of the glass and air are constant. 4 Heat transfer by radiation is disregarded. Properties The thermal conductivities are given to be k = 0.026 W/m °C for air, and 0.78 W/m °C for glass. Analysis The rate of heat transfer through each wall can be determined by applying thermal resistance network. The convection resistances at the inner and outer surfaces are common in all cases. Walls without windows : C/W 062988 . 0 001667 . 0 05775 . 0 003571 . 0 C/W 001667
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Unformatted text preview: . ) m 4 10 ( C) . W/m 15 ( 1 1 C/W 05775 . ) m 4 10 ( C/W m 31 . 2 C/W 003571 . ) m 4 10 ( C) . W/m 7 ( 1 1 wall total 2 2 2 2 wall wall 2 2 ° = + + = + + = ° = × ° = = ° = × ° = − = = ° = × ° = = o i o o i i R R R R A h R A value R kA L R A h R Q & Wall R i R wall R o L Then W 222.3 = ° ° − = − = ∞ ∞ C/W 062988 . C ) 8 22 ( 2 1 total R T T Q & Wall with single pane windows: C/W 003202 . 000833 . 000583 . 001786 . C/W 000833 . ) m 4 20 ( C) . W/m 15 ( 1 1 C/W 00058 . 002968 . 1 5 033382 . 1 1 5 1 1 C/W 002968 . m ) 8 . 1 2 . 1 )( C . W/m 78 . ( m 005 . C/W 033382 . m ) 8 . 1 2 . 1 ( 5 ) 4 20 ( C/W m 31 . 2 C/W 001786 . ) m 4 20 ( C) . W/m 7 ( 1 1 eqv total 2 2 o glass wall eqv 2 o 2 glass glass 2 2 wall wall 2 2 ° = + + = + + = ° = × ° = = = → + = + = ° = × = = ° = × − × ° = − = = ° = × ° = = o i o o eqv i i R R R R A h R R R R R kA L R A value R kA L R A h R R i R wall R o R glass Then W 4372 = ° ° − = − = ∞ ∞ C/W 003202 . C ) 8 22 ( total 2 1 R T T Q & 3-16...
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