Chapter 15 Steady Heat Conduction3-81 A 3-m diameter spherical tank filled with liquid nitrogen at 1 atm and -196°C is exposed to convection and radiation with the surrounding air and surfaces. The rate of evaporation of liquid nitrogen in the tank as a result of the heat gain from the surroundings for the cases of no insulation, 5-cm thick fiberglass insulation, and 2-cm thick superinsulation are to be determined. Assumptions1Heat transfer is steady since the specified thermal conditions at the boundaries do not change with time.2 Heat transfer is one-dimensional since there is thermal symmetry about the midpoint. 3 The combined heat transfer coefficient is constant and uniform over the entire surface. 4 The temperature of the thin-shelled spherical tank is said to be nearly equal to the temperature of the nitrogen inside, and thus thermal resistance of the tank and the internal convection resistance are negligible.
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