Chapter 15 Steady Heat Conduction3-119Two cast iron steam pipes are connected to each other through two 1-cm thick flanges exposed to cold ambient air. The average outer surface temperature of the pipe, the fin efficiency, the rate of heat transfer from the flanges, and the equivalent pipe length of the flange for heat transfer are to be determined. Assumptions1Steady operating conditions exist. 2The temperature along the flanges (fins) varies in one direction only (normal to the pipe). 3 The heat transfer coefficient is constant and uniform over the entire fin surface. 4The thermal properties of the fins are constant. 5 The heat transfer coefficient accounts for the effect of radiation from the fins. PropertiesThe thermal conductivity of the cast iron is given to be k= 52 W/m⋅°C.Analysis (a) We treat the flanges as fins. The individual thermal resistances areADLLiioo====ππ(.(.(.0 0926173016188m)m)mm)m)m22C/W0213.0
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