History of Management

History of Management - VIDEO The history of Management...

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Unformatted text preview: VIDEO The history of Management Theory Old VS New Management Perspectives Over Time Exhibit 2.1 1. 1. What are the two major sections of management studies? a. Classical b. Contemporary 2. Classical Management covers what main theories? a. b. c. d. Systematic Scientific Administrative Human Relations Classical Perspective: Classical Rational, scientific approach to Rational, scientific approach to management – make organizations efficient operating machines ● Scientific Management ● Bureaucratic Organizations ● Administrative Principles Scientific Management: Taylor 1856Scientific 1915 General Approach Developed standard method for performing each job. Selected workers with appropriate abilities for each job. Trained workers in standard method. Supported workers by planning work and eliminating interruptions. Provided wage incentives to workers for increased output. 3. Two terms used in our text and the video 3. Two terms used in our text and the video & still used in industry today. Define each: a. Unity of command b. Scalar chain 4. Max Weber defined the concept of Bureaucratic organizations. What were it’s key points in support of bureaucracy? Characteristics of Weberian Bureaucracy Bureaucracy Division of labor with Clear definitions of authority and responsibility Personnel are selected and promoted based on technical qualifications Positions organized in a hierarchy of authority Managers subject to Rules and procedures that will ensure reliable predictable behavior Administrative acts and decisions recorded in writing Management separate from the ownership of the organization Exhibit 2.3 5. How do we define “contingency” 5. How do we define “contingency” management? 6. Per Frederic Taylor – what is “soldiering”? Recent Historical Trends Recent ● Systems Theory ● Contingency View ● Total Quality Management (TQM) Systems View of Organizations Systems Exhibit 2.5 Contingency View of Contingency Management Management Management Perspectives Over Time Exhibit 2.1 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course 620 300 taught by Professor Gordon during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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