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Unformatted text preview: Second order social dilemmas are easier to solve because they cost less- it may be too much to ask for you to cooperate spontaneously- but not too much to ask for you to vote or pay the tax to pay for the police o Government is about setting up situations in which we can automatically get people to cooperate in another social dilemma that punishes people if they do not cooperate E.g. paying the police to enforce property rights – in order to enforce these, we have to tax ourselves Police then have the power to punish people (cheaper than paying private guards) Punishment is a better way to cooperate than reward is We need mutually cooercision that is mutally agreed upon- Altruism is not enough to drive cooperation- Stealing, pollution, safety rules – the threat of punishment is really all that works- Voting is relatively costless o Bribing politicians ruins this Politics is an efficient way to promote the relative good because it is cheap, and if it works, can bring about a lot of good- An alternative to charity is giving to politic causes o While the probability of accomplishing this political goal is small, the accomplishment of the goal is huge o Normative / utilitarian view of political action Descriptive theory- A utilitarian voter would vote for what is best for all in the long run o Instead, people vote more parochially (vote on behalf of the group that they belong to) o But more polticially they vote in accordance with their self interest o If you think of poltical actions as a way of serving your self interest, it doesn’t The probability of being the decisive voter in an election, that if...
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This note was uploaded on 01/14/2012 for the course PPE 253 taught by Professor Mellers during the Fall '11 term at UPenn.
- Fall '11