Human Rights Women

Human Rights Women - Postmodernist ideas and legal verdicts...

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Postmodernist ideas and legal verdicts about human rights, racial equality, women's equity, and social justice have been intoned and sometimes legislated since the nineteenth century. Even when varying concepts of human rights and local social justice began to develop and advance independently in different parts of the globe, an awareness, if not endorsement, of the discourse of "universality" had to become inclusive [End Page 1088] of disenfranchised peoples of the world. Undoubtedly, with the aftermath of both world wars the concept of international human rights became an intrinsic characteristic and problem of the emerging postcolonial human condition. Moreover, while the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was a catalyst in expanding greater possibilities for all of humanity within the realm of rights and social justice, it was only an ambitious step forward with an all-encompassing vision that attempted to include issues exclusive to women and gender. Nevertheless, subsequent treaties, declarations, and conventions, such as the United Nations Decade for Women, the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), and the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, along with the proliferation of regional and international gender-specific NGO (nongovernmental organization) activity, have advanced the global momentum needed to further the implementation of human rights and social justice for women. Thus, international human rights discourse with its focus on gender issues within the distinction of economic globalization and cultural transnationalism, helped to define the dawning of the twenty-first century. Central to the issues of gender and human rights is the problem of gender-based violence in the context of cultural rights and respect for cultural differences. Furthermore, the growing awareness Like international law more generally, international human rights faces three major contemporary current challenges, which stem in part from the field’s remarkable success. Perhaps the most salient challenge comes from the fact that some of the very nations most responsible for the contemporary human rights regime, such as the US, have ignored or argued against the binding nature of specific elements of this regime in the aftermath of the attacks of 9/11/01. At the same time, human rights law continues to fend off persistent attacks from non-western governments, who claim that it serves Western economic or other neo-imperial ends and often posit international human rights as the enemy of national culture. Third, the growing professionalization of human rights has led some analysts to bemoan the current field’s limitations in addressing some of the cosmopolitan or humanitarian ideals underpinning the human rights movement (e.g.,
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Human Rights Women - Postmodernist ideas and legal verdicts...

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