Imperialism and America

Imperialism and America - Imperialism and America Beginning...

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Unformatted text preview: Imperialism and America Beginning in 1867 and continuing through the century, global competition causes the United States to expand. American Expansionism Global Competition Imperialism policy of extending control over weaker nations In 1800s, Europeans divide up most of Africa, compete for China Japan joins race for China; U.S. decides to expand overseas Desire for Military Strength Admiral Alfred T. Mahan urges U.S. to build up navy to compete U.S. builds modern battleships, becomes third largest naval power Thirst for New Markets U.S. farms, factories produce more than Americans can consume U.S. needs raw materials, new markets for goods Foreign trade: solution to overproduction, unemployment, depression Belief in Cultural Superiority Some combine Social Darwinism, belief in superiority of Anglo-Saxons Argue U.S. has duty to Christianize, civilize inferior peoples Early Expansion William Seward Secretary of State under Lincoln, Johnson 1867, arranges purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million - has trouble convincing House to fund purchase - Alaska called Sewards Icebox, Sewards Folly Alaska rich in timber, minerals, oil The United States Takes Hawaii The Cry for Annexation Since 1790s, U.S. merchants stop in Hawaii on way to China, India 1820s, Yankee missionaries found schools, churches on islands Mid-1800s, American-owned sugar plantations 75% of islands wealth 1887, U.S. pressures Hawaii to allow naval base at Pearl Harbor - becomes refueling station 1890 McKinley Tariff eliminates duty-free status of Hawaiian sugar Planters call for U.S. to annex islands so will not have to pay duty The End of a Monarchy 1887, businessmen force King Kalakaua to limit vote to landowners Queen Liliuokalani tries to remove landowning requirement With help of marines, business groups overthrow queen Set up government headed by Sanford B. Dole President Cleveland cannot make Dole surrender power to queen - recognizes Republic of Hawaii Under President McKinley, Congress proclaims Hawaii U.S. territory The Spanish-American War In 1898, the United States goes to war to help Cuba win its independence from Spain....
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course IS 3020 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Kennesaw.

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Imperialism and America - Imperialism and America Beginning...

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