World War I and Red Scare

World War I and Red Scare - Causes of WWI Nationalism...

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Causes of WWI Nationalism Nationalism leads to competition, antagonism between nations • Many fear Germany’s growing power in Europe Various ethnic groups resent domination, want independence Russia sees self as protector of all Slavic peoples Imperialism Germany industrializes, competes with France, Britain for colonies Militarism Cost of building, defending empires leads to more military spending By 1890, Germany has strongest army on European continent - competes with Britain for sea power - leads other powers to join naval arms race Alliance System • Triple Entente or Allies —France, Britain, Russia • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire are Central Powers • Alliances give security; nations unwilling to tip balance of power An Assassination Leads to War
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Americans Question Neutrality Americans Question Neutrality Divided Loyalties Socialists, pacifists, many ordinary people against U.S. in war Naturalized citizens concerned about effect on country of birth Many feel ties to British ancestry, language, democracy, legal system U.S. has stronger economic ties with Allies than with Central Powers The War Hits Home The U.S. Prepares By 1917, U.S. has mobilized for war against Central Powers to: - ensure Allied repayment of debts - prevent Germans threat to U.S. shipping
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War The British Blockade British blockade, mine North Sea, stop war supplies reaching Germany also stop food, fertilizer U. S. merchant ships seldom reach Germany Germany has difficulty importing food, fertilizer; by 1917, famine German U-Boat Response Germany sets up U-boat counterblockade of Britain U-boat sinks British liner Lusitania ; 128 Americans among the dead -U.S. public opinion turns against Germany President Wilson protests, but Germany continues to sink ships Germany asks U.S. to get Britain to end food blockade - otherwise will renew unrestricted submarine war The 1916 Election Democrat Wilson defeats Republican Charles Evans Hughes
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German Provocation Wilson tries to mediate, calls for “a peace between equals” Kaiser announces U-boats will sink all ships in British waters Zimmerman note —proposes alliance of Germany, Mexico against U.S.
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World War I and Red Scare - Causes of WWI Nationalism...

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