Ancient astronomy - STONEHENGE LOCATION WHERE IS...

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STONEHENGE – LOCATION
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WHERE IS STONEHENGE? Stonehenge is in Wessex-- part of central-southern England on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire (National Grid Reference SU 123 422). WHAT WAS STONEHENGE USED FOR, AND WHY? These are the most testing questions. Before outlining the most plausible answers in accordance with the facts of the latest archaeological and scientific scholarly research, a summary of the chief features of the
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STONEHENGE TODAY
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STONEHENGE LAYOUT – CLEAL ET. AL.
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Newgrange The Megalithic Passage Tomb at Newgrange was built about 3200 BC. The kidney shaped mound covers an area of over one acre and is surrounded by 97 kerbstones, some of which are richly decorated with megalithic art. The 19 metre long inner passage leads to a cruciform
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NEWGRANGE
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NEWGRANGE – WINTER SOLSTICE
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Ceques at Cuzco
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PLEIADES STAR CLUSTER
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ORION AND SIRIUS
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BABYLONIAN NUMBERING SYSTEM SEXIGESIMAL (BASE 60)
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THE EARLY BABYLONIANS OBSERVED THE HEAVENS AND OTHER NATURAL PHENOMENA TO GET CLUES AS TO WHAT THE GODS WERE THINKING. THEY WERE LISTED IN THE “ENUMA ANU ENLIL” – 70 TABLETS WITH 70,000 OMENS. MOST OF THE OMENS CAME FROM OBSERVING THE MOON. ENUMA ANU ENLIL MEANS “IN THE
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ENUMA ANU ENLIL TABLET
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BABYLONIAN CALENDAR LUNAR CALENDAR (MONTH STARTED AND ENDED WITH NEW MOON) NINETEEN SOLAR YEARS = 235 [(19X12)+7] LUNAR MONTHS INTERCALATED (INSERTED) 7 MONTHS EVERY 19 YEARS 19 YEARS IS CALLED A “METONIC CYCLE” BABYLONIANS RECORDED DETAILED TABLES (EPHEMERIDES) THEY KNEW THAT THE SUN’S SPEED
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RELIGIOUS EGYPTIAN CALENDAR NO GOOD NUMBERING SYSTEM CALENDAR BROKEN INTO 3 FOUR- MONTH SEASONS BASED ON THE NILE) FLOODING SUBSIDENCE HARVEST NEEDED TO INTERCALATE A MONTH OCCASIONALLY
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ADMINISTRATIVE EGYPTIAN CALENDAR INTRODUCED CIRCA 3000 BC TWELVE 30-DAY MONTHS/YEAR THREE 10-DAY WEEKS/MONTH ADD FIVE DAYS AFTER THE 12TH MONTH A ROUGH ATTEMPT TO ADD LEAP YEARS CAME MUCH LATER (CIRCA 239 BC)
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This note was uploaded on 01/14/2012 for the course AST 3043 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Ancient astronomy - STONEHENGE LOCATION WHERE IS...

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