AST 3043 topic list

AST 3043 topic list - 1. Celestial sphere, poles, and...

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1. Celestial sphere, poles, and equator and relation to Earth’s poles and equator, concept of direction (north, east, south and west) 2. What an observer sees, horizon, zenith, celestial meridian; altitude and latitude, daily (diurnal) motion in different parts of sky and different latitudes 3. Sun's annual motion: evidence, path around ecliptic; equinoxes and solstices, their meanings, their approximate dates, and Sun's noon altitude; Sun’s diurnal (daily) motion rising and setting points through year for observer’s at different latitudes 4. Equatorial coordinates: hour angle, right ascension and declination, units 5. Time keeping, apparent solar time, mean solar time, sidereal time 6. Sidereal year vs. tropical year, precession and its effects; heliacal rising of stars 7. Moon's phases and time of day; its motion relative to stars, ascending and descending nodes; synodic, sidereal, and nodical (draconic) months, relative lengths and why, regression of nodes, lunar major and minor standstills 8. Inferior and superior planets, configurations, transits, motions on celestial sphere and retrograde motion, synodic vs. sidereal periods, heliacal rising of planets 9. Stonehenge: megalith; main elements, possible alignments, Stonehenge Decoded and Aubrey holes; considerations for astronomical identifications generally; probable use 10. Newgrange: alignment, probable use 11. Inca: Coricancha symbolism and alignment; Pleiades heliacal rising; ceque system, huacas, social and spatial organization, and calendar; Cerro Picchu and planting, antizenith (nadir) sunsets 12. Maya: building alignments, vigesimal number system, calendars and astronomical connections, Dresden Codex, heliacal rising of Venus and significance 13. Native American astronomy: medicine wheels, Hopi Soyal ceremony 14. Celestial navigation by Pacific Islanders 15. Instruments: gnomon, zenith tube; backsight and foresight, baseline and accuracy 16. Egyptian calendars, Sothis period; decans, time of night; pyramid alignments 17. early Chinese astronomy -- lifa and tianwen as state functions; lunisolar calendar; recognition of periodicities; astrology: idea of disorder in heavens caused by misrule or disruptions on Earth; Shih Shen, early star catalogue; Guo Shou-jing -- obliquity, length of year; extensive records of comets and "guest stars" (novae and supernovae) like that of
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This note was uploaded on 01/14/2012 for the course AST 3043 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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AST 3043 topic list - 1. Celestial sphere, poles, and...

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