Renaissance Astronomy, Flamsteed, Halley, Newton, Roemer, Bradley

Renaissance Astronomy, Flamsteed, Halley, Newton, Roemer, Bradley

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JOHN FLAMSTEED 1646-1719 BORN IN DENBY ENGLAND MATHEMETICIAN AND ASTRONOMER ATTRACTED TO ASTRONOMY BY SACROBOSCO’S DE SPHAERA MUNDI
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JOHN FLAMSTEED CALCULATED THE SOLAR ECLIPSES OF 1666 AND 1668 OBSERVED THE PLANET URANUS AND CATALOGUED IT AS A STAR – 34 TAURI FEUDED WITH NEWTON AND HALLEY. HE REFUSED TO PUBLISH A WORK (A CATALOG) COMMISSIONED BY THE KING IN 1712. NEWTON, THEN PRESIDENT OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY, WITH HALLEY
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EDMOND HALLEY 1656-1742 BORN IN HAGGERSTON, ENGLAND CAME FROM A WEALTHY FAMILY WAS COMMISSIONED BY HOOKE TO VISIT HEVELIUS REGARDING THE
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HALLEY’S SCIENCE A GIFTED OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMER – COMPARED TO TYCHO WHEN HE MUSED AS TO THE SOLUTION TO KEPLER’S LAWS HE VISITED NEWTON AND FOUND THAT NEWTON HAD SOLVED THE PROBLEM BUT HAD NOT PUBLISHED THE SOLUTION. HE CONVINCED NEWTON TO WRITE
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EDMOND HALLEY DISCOVERED THE PROPER MOTION OF STARS BY COMPARING THEIR CURRENT LOCATION WITH THAT RECORDED VALUES IN THE ALMAGEST
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HALLEY’S COMET IN “SYNOPSIS ASTRONOMIA COMETICAE” HE STATED THAT HE BELIEVED THE COMETS REPORTED IN 1456, 1531, 1607 AND 1682 WERE THE SAME OBJECT AND
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OLE ROEMER 1644-1710 DANISH CHANGED HIS NAME FROM CHRISTIAN PEDERSON TO OLE ROEMER TO DISTINGUISH HIMSELF FROM TWO OTHER CHRISTIAN PEDERSONS
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ROEMER’S SCIENTIFIC ACCOMPLISHMENTS HELPED PUBLISH TYCHO’S OBSERVATIONS OBSERVED AT HVEN – HIS OBSERVATIONS WERE LOST IN THE GREAT FIRE OF COPENHAGEN IN 1728 BUT HIS STUDENT PUBLISHED MUCH OF HIS RESEARCH FOR HIM HELPED BUILD THE GREAT FOUNTAINS AT VERSAILLES SUCCEDED IN PERSUADING THE KING
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ROEMER’S VELOCITY OF LIGHT MEASUREMENTS FOUND THAT THE PERIOD OF JUPITER’S MOON IO APPEARED TO CHANGE SHORTER WHEN THE EARTH APPROACHE
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SIR ISAAC NEWTON 1643-1727 BORN THREE MONTHS AFTER HIS FATHER DIED IN A SMALL ENGLISH TOWN THE YEAR GALILEO DIED HIS MOTHER REMARRIED BUT HE WAS RAISED BY HIS
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ISAAC NEWTON AT AGE 18 HE ENTERED TRINITY
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