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6 - Mate Selection and Relationship Formation

6 - Mate Selection and Relationship Formation - Mate...

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Mate Selection and Relationship Formation
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Definitions Selection of primary intimate partner sharing similar characteristics: homogamy - similarities among couples endogamy - relationships within specific groups assortive mating – people choose mates ‘like themselves’ exogamy - choose partners from outside own group heterogamy - differences among couples free choice? free within selected categories
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Marriage Rate Crude Marriage Rate : # of marriages out of every 1000 people in a given year Problem: denominator includes unmarriageable people, therefore not good indicator of likelihood of marriage General Marriage Rate : # of people in population eligible for marriage Restricts denominator to unmarried women age 15+
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Rates Over Time
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Factors Effecting Intermarriage group size - larger groups - lower intermarriage rate sex ratio - imbalanced - higher intermarriage group controls - intermarriage varies by extent of social controls cultural similarities - as mesh with larger society, differences disappear romantic love complex - idea -love more important than cultural differences psychological factors - intermarriage increased with rebellion against one’s group, feeling alienated, and emotional immaturity
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Social/Structural Characteristics age at marriage general trend upward age homogamy most marry someone from closely related age group In 2000, median age males = 26.8; females = 25.1 age difference of 1.7 years young marry similar age, as get older gap increases why males older? Slower psychological and physiological maturity traditionally men breadwinner responsibility
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Social/Structural Characteristics Marriage squeeze - effects of imbalanced sex ratios (marriage reduced)
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