Octo 9 2007 social problems

Octo 9 2007 social problems - Employment *Gender Wage Gap...

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Employment *Gender Wage Gap -2001: median income of paid labor force *men: $29,101 *women: $16,614 *Asian: 18525 *white: 17229 *AF 16282 *latinas 12853 *Double Jeopardy: Gendered Racism * Explaining the Gender Wage Gap Traingin, Education, and physical Demands -Women workers average lower earnings than do less educated men (women get more femine jobs and less paying jobs high paying has less than 30% of women having those jobs) * Occupational Segregation - Managers: predominantly male -Tech: mixed gender, wither better-paying positions domintaed by males -Clerical : most female -Janitorial: Dominted by men and women of color *pink-collar jobs = (women jobs because girls are more associated by the color pink) non-traditional jobs . women enters these jobs become more hyper femine and men excel better in these jobs *Glass Ceiling: Intertional discrimination blocking women's progress up employment ladder - "Dont be attractive. Dont be too smart. dont be assertive. Pretend your not a woman. Dont be single, dont be a mom." (you will be accused for your looks and make people around you insecure and may provide a threat towards your co workers) *2003: fORTUNE 500 BOARD SEATS -13.6% OCCUPIED BY WOMEN -3%Woment of color *Indirect institutionalized discrimination - Recruitment ( men tend to recruit more men to provent work relationship) -stereotypes about care giving responsiblities (mentor a certian example) *Different in pay in jobs -Benefits (1 of 5 men has a clerical job) * Comparable worth: same wages/salaries for female-type job categories than paid men in male- type jobs with similar skill and knowledge levels *Sexual harassment: unsolicited nonreciprocal male behavior that asserts a women;s sex role over her function as a worker -1964: Civil Rights Act -EEOC -1976: Williams vs Saxbe
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Routine Discrim- touchy stuff oct 9 Social Problesm: Sexuality -centrality to womens equality -as social construction *Sexuality at heart of male dominstion *Sexuality: Centrality *equity *control Sexuality: As Social Construct * components -biological -Socio-cultural (sexual is constructed by attitudes and beliefs) - Cultrual norms *selection( age with same age race with same race and ethics with same ethics)(guy with girl) *behavior( *Socialization *as construct: -Institutional Influence(media, friends,politics, health system,) *Processes ( Adult = maturity) - change -cultural (the pill) -institutional *Orentation: direction of an individuals sexuality how they are born *Preference = choice Attraction is not the same as behavior *Homo Sexual 3%men 9% had intimate actions -"in the closet" *Heterosexual *Busexual *Asexual Theroretical Perspectives * Structural- functional: -Emphasis on families ( Traditional Values) -Norms and "legitimacy" -Deviance functional (Stripper. . men or women need sexual outlets)
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-Symbolic interaction *varys over time and place * People learn and interpret therir own sexual behavior * Conflict - Inequality and violence ( i hit on her)(hammer) -Governmental/institutional bias
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Octo 9 2007 social problems - Employment *Gender Wage Gap...

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