Intro Lec for ANTH 457

Intro Lec for ANTH 457 - 1/15/12 Intro Lec for ANTH 457...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/15/12 Intro Lec for ANTH 457 INTRODUCTION TO ANTH 457 [A 2009] ANTH 457 = I , , , / P ( W & Co ) , e Ra ionale E (EA) , the stud of how & wh different hum an populations adapt to their environm ents, and how this process affects and if affected b their culture and social behavior H EA (/) A , "4 "( ) I , EA , / I / ,I / ; . H ( ) T I' ,& B , , & E -W ( E , " & " ) EA ) ) ) , : , ( A , . ) / / . , courses. ashington.edu/anth457/introlec.htm 1/7 1/15/12 Intro Lec for ANTH 457 A : 1) , ,& / 2) & COURSE ORGANIZATION M I ; ,I I , ( ( ); !) B I ; & , I' 48 I (3 & Re 1) 2) ) , ' ie e M EA, , - H I , 3 A ig P c e 1) D 2) T : / - 3) B , ( i f e g ad e (20, 1/session) (25%) 5 9 , (25% ) ) (25%) REQUIREMENTS Ha d T T courses. ashington.edu/anth457/introlec.htm ,I , 25% "R " 2/7 1/15/12 Intro Lec for ANTH 457 On he 20 cla o of ha o e i on of o an ed o di c Second pe of a choice, b ing a p in ed cop of o a ell a o n in fo c edi ignmen = 2 e The e a e handed o di c. opic o cla , o emind of ake-home p oblem in eek 4 & 8, and d e one eek la e ; each = 25% of co e g ade Each ake-home a ignmen ill in ol e anal i of ome imple da a o e hnog aphic info ma ion ing concep and model co e ed in p io eading & lec e no e Finall , each of o ill gi e a cla and lib a e ea ch Thi ill in ol e 6 p e en a i on on a llab opic, ba ed on addi ional eading ep : [see "Presentation" Handout to be posted later this w eek] a) choo ing a opic f om a li p o ided (linked o co e llab opi c ) b) eading e e al a icle (I ill p o ide a bibliog aph of ecommend o ce ) c) if o a e no he onl p e en e fo o opic/da e, mee ing in mall g o p o plan a coo dina ed p e en a ion of he opic/ e of eading d) mee ing / me o di c o e) p epa ing o e head /hando f) cla plan (abo p e en a ion) /po e poin and an anno a ed bibliog aph p e en a ion (ca. 10 min . pe Sign- p fo p e en a ion 1 eek ahead of o ill begin ne den ) eek (p obabl Monda ) Readings In ligh of 400 le el, eading a e of mode a e diffic l (i.e., ome = p ofe i en fo gene al a dience, b mo in be een) No a i fied i h a ailable e a icle S llabus pell o I ha e a ional le el, ome , o I' e elec ed eading f om a ie of book and jo nal ch onolog of lec e opic and co e ponding eading igned majo ch nk of Diamond' G n , Ge m & S eel A ignmen f om hi book a e li ed on llab page o chap e # (e.g., fo Oc . 22nd I' e a igned pp 98-156 f om Diamond' book). No e: he e a ignmen al a co e pond o chap e o chap e sections (no nece a il he en i e a ing o ending page li ed) Addi ional eading be ide Elec onic Re e e em A he Diamond book and eb lec igned eading f om a icle a e li ed on courses. ashington.edu/anth457/introlec.htm llab e no e a e on UW Lib a b A ho Yea , and ome ime page 3/7 1/15/12 Intro Lec for ANTH 457 ( . ., =V , I &R 1968 = . 237-51 R 1971, 1979) M , S ASAP, A V &R ? Acce o In co E (M 3:30 - 4), ' I M , ., & "C , "O I &R " " WHY ECOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY? L , & - ( B ) ( ) , , S H , ( , ), T ( , , .) ( . ., , & ) E . . , ) ( ( , , ) W courses. ashington.edu/anth457/introlec.htm ( . ) 4/7 1/15/12 Intro Lec for ANTH 457 context for EA "Ecolog " means diff. things to diff. people In popular discourse has come to mean either 1) the natural environment, or 2) environmental conservation As used in this course, ecology has the same meaning as in biology: 1) substantive: the interrelationships between organisms and their total environments (abiotic, biotic, & social); thus focus primarily on organisms & higher levels (populations, communities), not lower levels like cells or genes 2) disciplinar : the scientific investigation of ecological relationships, via systematic collection of relevant empirical data, and development of general theories and testable hypotheses that can be used to explain these data Since ecology is a science, should not confuse it with political viewpoints or policies (environmentalism, etc.), though ecol. theories and data certainly are relevant to these, and individual ecologists may be very active environmentalists Origins of Ecolog Roots of ecological understanding go back to detailed, sophisticated, culturally transmitted, and generally pragmatic knowledge of local habitats & organisms possessed by members of smallscale (indigenous) societies, and to more formal and abstract accounts by intellectual elites in ancient civilizations (Hellenic Greece, Imperial China, etc.) However, do not find ecological theories in modern sense until 19th century -- much later than any of the other major natural sciences Term "ecology" first coined by German biologist Ernst Haeckel in 1869, combining Greek roots for home (oiko ) and reason (logo ), by which Haeckel presumably meant "the study of habitats" Beginnings of scientific ecology closely linked to the study of human populations, and to development of evolutionary biology: Malthus' "Essay on Population" (1798) developed idea that human popns limited by resource base; first mathematical model of interaction between popn. and environment Malthus = inspiration for Darwin's idea of "struggle for existence," but Darwin generalized this idea of resource competition to explain evolution of all life forms work on human demography (mortality, fertility, popn dynamics) formed foundations of mathematical popn ecology Paradoxically, altho ecology has its roots in studies of human popn, and in the evol. theories of Darwin, ecology quickly moved away from both of these concerns courses. ashington.edu/anth457/introlec.htm 5/7 1/15/12 Intro Lec for ANTH 457 O D ' , R , S , , 19 T ( . ., D , , ) B ( ) 1960 ) O ( , P - / . . , F : E -- Culture & Ecolog M culture C sociall acquired information (ideas/beliefs/values), ( , . , .) M ) ( M . (& ) , & H , E -- J " ( ) "( " G S ") EA courses. ashington.edu/anth457/introlec.htm ( ) 6/7 1/15/12 T Intro Lec for ANTH 457 , . ( ( ) A , , , T & ; , I' , & I ) EA ' ' , I , I ( ) ; ( ,I ) courses. ashington.edu/anth457/introlec.htm "D E .A V ." ( &R ), 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course ANTH 457 taught by Professor Smith,e during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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