Land Tenure - 1/15/12 Land Tenure Land Tenure: Controlling...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/15/12 Land Tenure Land Tenure: Controlling Access to Resources I i fe e de i i A ea c ai ed ha he ei he h ee di i c id e e f i ae fade e adad e hi cha ac e i ic f e f e ide ce ha e bee ed hi c ai : 1) a eged i e a i f e i ia i i he ecie 2) ai abi i fc a e f e hi ( 3) i efficie c f c a e hi / e acce Fi a B ag f e ,e a ai gf he ibi i ha h a a e i ecie e e acce , a be fa i a ca e i i e i ica i c ec , i ce i fac a e i e e i g, e ecie a e facultativel e i ia , a i a ga i a i & e ce e de ce ai c di i ) i i ci e, i ce d e he ecie a e not e i i chi g e ec ie ia ; e e e f F ea e, de ai ed die f ec a -feedi g bi d ha e h ha he i i ch f agg e i e defe e f a a ch f f e eacef c e i e ce, de e di g he a e a hich he gai ec a f he f e ( he ec a a ai abi i bei g a i a ed e e i e a b e ea che , h a eighed he bi d & ea ed hei e e g e e di e de a i c di i !) Si i a a e b e ed i d f i chi g f e i ia f ecie , a gi g f e i e ec e f a ia ga i a i ha e bee e D e ha bi d ge e e i ia he ec a bec e fa i ia i h hi e ea ch ( i h he de i g he ha g ide e i ia i i c ea e i h ca ci . ca ce, e ?M e e f i ) e ec ha B i fac , bi d bec he f i g ec i e -i e less e i ia he ec a i ca ce, a c i i e fi di g e e ai ed i Economic Defensibilit Whe d e e i a ec g edic ha e i a e e a i e dense & predictable; hi i f e e The edi c i f hi de ca be ia beha i ed he "ec i ed a f i Resource Densit A High L M bi e & c B L L High C High High Te i D L High Di D -H d Resource Predictabilit Spatial Organi ation & S i h 1978 -- a a e ha courses. ashington.edu/anth457/landtenr.htm ce : C ase (f cc ? Ba ica , he e ic defe ibi i de " ed; bi e & di ia defe e ed, a i ic e ce defe e e ed e bi i h be fe ' fi ch a 1/7 1/15/12 Land Tenure b ica i , hi e i a g ad de ) L gic he e i ha e i ia i ha co a e a be efi ; he e ce (f d, a e , e e c) a e ei he ae e he e a , i d e a defe d a iece f a d agai c ei ; i ead, be ii " c a b e" f ha ' he e, e e ga he i a ge g e cha ge i f a i ab he ca i f e he e a e ce a che Ec ic defe ibi i ai a ecie , ch a de acc f he a e f fac a i e e i he h i gbi d e i ed ab e A g ea a f a ia i i he deg ee f e i cie ie a e : ef a e defi i e c ai ea a gi g f agi c a d ai h ea he a d a d i e ce (I i i gh aa be i --c g ) ia i d c e ed f ie , & a i a e c i i i d c e ed f ai ha fad e hi a d defe d he e i h a i a d f ce, hi e he a e a i e f ee acce a e ha h a e a a ie f b i c ea de i ea e a d abi i e e e a d i g i ic c ica i d a e a diffe e ce! B he f c i a effec i a ea a i a e i ia i , hich a e he a a e h e a i i g, a di c ed f he The ec ic defe ibi i c di i ,ae he e defe e D e a ia i f cie ie ih gge de edic ha e i ia i i ce a e de e & edic ab e e a ade ide S e e h g a hic e a Ca e A, e c.): e (de e fi hi i gc edi c i e ?C de ce a i e de ce ai ec gica gh e a he c f e i ia ide ab e e ide ce f a 4 ab e ab ib e a e i ed i diff. e ea .Aa a E i (b h Y 'i a d I ia ) e e adi i a di ided i di c e e cie ie f e e a h d ed e e, i h a i e fe ce i hi hei b da i e ; i di i d a c d c he e b da ie if he had i e adi g a e , b f f he ea a e di c e ed e a ig d a be i ed igh (g ea e fea f d if i g ice f e a hi , a ig d i g! ) [Ca e C] Ic a , Ca adia I i (c e c a & i g i ic c i Aa a E i he ab 1000 ag ) had ch a e e ce ba e (a ef ec ed i 50-90% e, ch highe bi i , e c.) a d a e defe ded e i ia b da hi e fa a a d h ied c ai a g d ca ib h i g a fi a e ec ed f i ai gc a -acce [Ca e B] ,h i ff f a i de i e ie ; i fac , e a hei ,a d e e .A g i dde h i c a i , i ce a d ie fa i f e aa e i e, a ab e a d ca b e c i de ed a -de i e ce; idde e cha ac e i ed b e a i e e acce a ab e a d [Ca e D], a h gh ac i e ga de i e a e edic ab e e ce i e , a d a e c ai ed & defe ded b i di id a ig [Ca e C] Wi h i c ea i g i e ifica i , a ab e a d bec e ea d e a ab e (fa e i d ), a d e igh bec e i e igid ( e i ia i b a he a e), a c g e i g acce a d i he i a ce f a d [Ca e C] courses. ashington.edu/anth457/landtenr.htm f h ee i e ab a e 2/7 1/15/12 Land Tenure 3. Shif f e acce e i ia defe e ca ha e e e I di a i S ba c i c f e (C ee, N he A ha a a ) adi i i g he e e he e e e ca ib he ga e h (Whe "Y ca i b ga e bi i e hi e ,a e , e a id i e ca e ; h , a had e f id a d e e, ached b Je i i i a ie i he 1600 f ef i g e ed , he I dia e i ed a e i e he e, i hi g e ai i e ace, b eae i e fa ed e he a he e" -- a e a e b e a i , f i a he edic ab e ca i f hei ce ha ade fi ed e i ia e hi i ac ica ee icida , e i i g i ead e acce , a d i f a i - ha i g [Case A] B he e a e ba c ic I dia i e a id hif ed fa i a i g e i hea i i ed i f ade, b h beca e he a i e e e e ed a ch e ce, a d beca e dec i e f ca ib ed e ia ce e bi e e h e ha e [Case C] Te i ia ( i a e e )a d i ae i hi a i g e i ed: - e i ia (c a i , de e di g 4. F e a e, a E. Af ica a ai defe ded b e e ded fa i i ( h gh agica ec i ) [Case C] a he e acce ecific e ie ce he beca e e edi c ab e ce i e fi h a d )ad ce e ca e e cc e f d ci g ec a h e ead , hich a e ed & ch defe e i ha d ed ia -c cia a c i ad A he a e i e, a ai e hei he d f ca e a ga a d (e di g a ch ai fa ), hich a e a ai ab e f ibe (acc a i ed b f i f - ha i g) [Case A or B] I , he gic f ec ic defe ibi i i ade e e , a ea a he g e acce ee ee d c d i e e a ca f defe e ( i a e ga e edi c ab e a e b a e be i g he ea e c ai ) f .c f he a ia i a The Traged of the Commons [Note: m uch of this is redundant to the assigned reading b Feen et al. 1990, so ou can skim this if ou've alread read and understood that source] A i de i f e i a e a b ec gi acce ead i e ab a " aged Ga e Ha di (1968) a g ed ha f he c " Ha di a efe i g he c a ga i e i a d he E c e Ac ha i a i ea e E. Af ica ca e he de , a a he e ha h d a d he e ce e f e i c ed g "c "f d i E g a d bef e he i d ed hi a d, b i d ee ha hi i e a f agi g, a a , a d ag i c a e ii c ia da He a g ed ha he c fai ed ide a i ce i e c e ee ce : each he d a c ee ai e a a ai a a ib e, a d i decidi g he he add a he a i a he a ec ide ha he be efi i acc e hi hi e he c i be ha ed b a e be f he c i He ce he a i a ch ice f each he d hi e a gai i g ea e ha hi e courses. ashington.edu/anth457/landtenr.htm ai ac addi i a a i a , e e if hi ed ce he he c be a fa i a ga he 3/7 1/15/12 Land Tenure (N B -1992, ) T , , T -- H : "E ....F H ." ( ) : , ; T , E , : , , H , ,H W H ( ' ) ' , M ( F . ) , , H ; ) ( ' , , ; ), ( , - ,S , I ,H " , S C , ." -- TC , 3 ( :P ) B ' -- , : Pri ate O nership: I H Collecti e O nership: C S C O ' - corpora e ( ( , ( - - ) A com m nal -- . ., , : ), , ) courses. ashington.edu/anth457/landtenr.htm 4/7 1/15/12 Land Tenure The i a i he e i ha c a e hi i no he a e a he ab e ce f e i gh , a d d e no a e acce ( i ce ha e be e be f he ecified c i de ha e acce i gh c aed e ce ) i Communal Propert S stems Ic a i gc cia c Le e ei e f a d e ea d e ce e, i , b he e b h e e be i ,a d fe e e f a a ci 2e a 1. I he g a i g c ai e e i ed a i acce i i ed e be f he eg a ed b c a e ,i f a e: fE c be e (i c di g h e e a h ica efe ed i Ha di ' ce a i ), ai e g a e he c i he i f e f-i e e F ea e, i he a i e i age f T be died b Ne i g (1981: 61), a i e a e e e he d ic b e be f a i h( ide bei g e c ded), a d f he e ec dga e e c ha he c d h e a d feed h gh he i e Th , a e ac i e a eg f e cig ea e a d e i g e ce a i a i he fa a di c aged b fac ha e had a i aec fg i g a d ha e i g i e f dde a d b i di g ade a e ba ; a d i ca e e e e e e ed chea , a ia e e fi ed a fi ed a eai a d i he fa ha had bee a ed he c 2. C e h e, b e fi he ie i hf d ha e e h gh a ic a b e -fi hi g ice e, b d e ' a e f e i i e ba ed e' Mai e ha e bee di ed b a h gi Ja e Ache , fi hi g g d a e ega e acce ( he a e e i e a ig ice ed fi he e a ic a g d ), he e i a de fac o e be hi i a gi e fi hi g c i A h gh he e i ega ba i f hi , a d ec g i ed a i ae e ), a eh ha i g hei gea ab aged i he igh b e i g a ea a e ie i aec b gh a d a acce e A a e , 1) e fi he e ca e e he e if e e ei e ie d ha e i ed f ge e a i ( ch be e ha i he a ea i h g fi he ie , h gh ece hi i b ea i g d i h i c ea ed ei c i ie ) I fac , ab da e ide ce ie ha c a a ! ) be e a a i di g e ce e e iai ha ha e bee e aci g he f a 500 a e ha a e e f e F ea e, i age i Thai a d a d Ne a ha e bee cha ged i h a d i be , b i b h ca e hi beca e a be he f e ae f ca (c a)c I Ne a a ea , ece e ha e bee a e e e ca c ha e a e i a ed def e a i i e ca e (b agai , a id e be hi a de i e hi ) Si i a , i e- de E courses. ashington.edu/anth457/landtenr.htm e (i c di g T be ), ca c di e , a d 2) ai ab e e e - a aged ai fc a a e hi a e f e (b f ae i ae e hi ec i gf e f fi e e e a i a i ed a d h ff e ai g i ie d (he ce ic i ed a , hich a ha d f eg a ed d ea i i age ef 5/7 1/15/12 Land Tenure - , ( , ," T " ) , , , - ; , " " (T , , - , -- , ; ' F ) , im posed " " ( ) T A ,A , & ( E ), I E ,H , ' , ( ) ( ( , , - C ( . ., " , , , S ( , U ) not !) ," ; - , A) .) F F E ' efficient -- ( " -- G " ) , I relati e to technological & ecological factors -- F , , & , -, A ( courses. ashington.edu/anth457/landtenr.htm ( ) , , ), 6/7 1/15/12 Land Tenure I , & T , , , Refe ence A ,J M. (1975) T Human Ec olog 3:183-207. A ,J B D D ,G L ,E A N I. H N.B. D A S (1984) T , . 148-69. O . (1990) T (1968) T E .E 9: 1-15. : : . . I Behavioural Ec olog : An Evolutionar . :B (1978) H N . - . Americ an . Human Ec olog 18:1-19. . Sc ienc e 162:1243-48. B. (1956) The Montagnais "Hunting Territor " and the Fur Trade. A ,M N . 78. A ,R M C. (1981) Balanc ing on an Alp: Ec ologic al Change and Continuit in a Swis s Mountain Communit . :C U P . ,E (1990) Governing the Commons : The Evolution of Ins titutions for Collec tive Ac tion. N U P . C O C T , P O B. A . J.B. K -H ,R E Anthropologis t 80:21-41. H , NH: U A. (1970) T ,N Approac h, ,D M M. (1988) The Lob s ter Gangs of Maine. H ,C F : ,M (1976) Anarc h and Cooperation. C courses. ashington.edu/anth457/landtenr.htm :W Y : . 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course ANTH 457 taught by Professor Smith,e during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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