Pastoralism Lecture Notes

Pastoralism Lecture Notes - 1/15/12 Pastoralism Lecture...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/15/12 Pastoralism Lecture Notes PASTORALISM In o T , 1. D :W 2. O :W ? & 3. E : ? / :W 4. S :H 5. S ? ? :W ? Defini ion V & 1) P ( , , = , , P , 2) P ( T : ) (N I ild ) = , " " ") " ( . ., ), , ' - ( , & ) P ( 1) Settled ): = , ( . ., ), ); , .) E - 2) Transhum ance = ( , - ( . ., , 3) N om adi c ( ), = . , ; , O igin U courses. ashington.edu/anth457/pastoral.htm ?W ? 1/6 1/15/12 Pastoralism Lecture Notes N - ( . ., M T ,E ) , ; ( ) ; O , , , ) H .; & ( , = , & T : 1) D ( ) 2) A ( ) 3) V ' ( ) M N .E ( ) , S , ; , ; , ( ) C " " , I , - , , & ( : , ) Environmental/Geographic Distribution of Nomadic Pastoralism W ? F : Ge ogra phica l Re gion M -E ( E A /E. M ) &S Ethnic Groups T M courses. ashington.edu/anth457/pastoral.htm ,B ,T Prim a r Stock ,P ,K ,B ,N Ha bita t T pe S , H C , D , - 2/6 1/15/12 Pastoralism Lecture Notes N h Af ic a & A abia Ce a A ia ee Bed i M g , Ka a Ca e , g a H e , hee , ca e Ve a id de e Ric h g a a d, e e e i e (ha f f dde ) Tibe a P a ea E h ic Tibe a Ya A id, e N . E a ia he de Sa i (La Taiga ( d a & b ea f e ) N e ha he e a e a a ea he e a d he da a ha a a ch ai fa , e fa ai ), T g , Ch c hi ,h e Rei dee ea e, high a i de he e ag ic e i ei he iab e, i e cha c ; ca c c de f ai a e ge e a f d i a ea he e ag ic ei d c i e (d e e a e , e c.), a he i e f e ide ce i g " a gi a fa e " igi Pa ai e he d a i a a "e e g c ee (e.g., ca e ea h a f Saha a, a a ea he d a ic c e e ce f hi i ha a cc ig d ci ee i e , a d 2) b i I a ca e, high-de i , ede a ai ca ab e f i g hi i i ead de ed " i i e a ea ide he a gi f ag i c e g a e f a i a i a ea ab e ag i c a e); fe e g d ce d e i a ea i , i ce 1) i g a highe hic e e ha ag ic ai fa ag i c ai e i d ' cc ; i a ea ha a ad Thi agai he i ha i g , ag i c e -c ee a ai (ei he b b i e ce ch ice b a i di ace e ) i a b a gi a e i e (a d h e e i e ae ha ed b ech g & he a h ge ic fac -- f e a e, achi e-d i ed b eh e a i i ga i f a d ce a i d f ag i c ei a a ea f Af ica & A ia, i h e i g e a i f ag i c ei h e a ea , e aci g a ai ) I a ca e , e i e ag i c e ih e i e edi a e i adi c aha d ci i a ai ee fa (e.g., a i ed ec ha c bi e E. Af ica ca e-he de ) S b i ence S a egie Pa ai face c 1) he 2) he 3) a 4) he 5) i e e fi e c i g d e ci i , each f hich ca be died i de h: d ecie ( i g e i ed?) d i e&c i i (c ed ia b eedi g, c i g, e cha ge, e c.) ca i f a ai ab e ab f ce (h eh d a ge i g ) d e e ad a e i i a i (b h a a d e e e c i a ic c fa ai i h he b i e ce i ( ade, ag i c e) di i ) E ide ce i dica e ha a ea h f edge g e i a a i deci i a i g, a d de a di g he e e ha e i e bee ha e ed b ig a ce f e ea che , h did ' de a d e gh ab he e e a d hei de e i a a he de i e ige ei A ac e e ce, ec e ed b b ea c a I a ic a , he ha e ca i g e g a i g C c a) P a ic a i a i fa a d ai d e ei ed a ai e i g hi , ec gica a h gi e cia - a chi g a i a i , a f ai ee a ge he d (ab courses. ashington.edu/anth457/pastoral.htm ai he d ha a f e bee i de d a age e , c ai i g he e he d ge ha e a g ed ha a ai b i e ce a i a ge, a i diffe f : e ec ic " i " ) b e ca e: 3/6 1/15/12 Pastoralism Lecture Notes 1) 2) da -to-da ( . 3) & 4) , not ) , ; = - ( , ( ), - ' = ' ) )L " " : 1) ( - ) 2) 3) ( . ., B & ) , = [ Social Organi ation P 2 : 1) ( - , ), 2) , social m echanism s ( , .) , , R & , com prom ise, & 1) fle ibilit , - , - : , & 2) form al , & ealth ( S , 1) sodalities ( ); 2) , ) - - , , inform ation-sharing ( : , . , & , , .); courses. ashington.edu/anth457/pastoral.htm 4/6 1/15/12 Pastoralism Lecture Notes 3) co-ope a i e o k ni ) F ( - ( . ., " " inhe i ance ( ,& , C ( E. A -- / , ) , m a i age ) & , ) ( & ) ( & Ea ) Af ican ca le he de T = I E. A , & , A , ; , S T ( . ., K , 4500 ( = ) , ) G / , , M -- , ; -- I & E 25-30 , 10 ( , ( , 100 : , H , I ) (N : = + + ) . ., , 3 , & -- A H ) # ( ), & 10-12 = & ; E - l abo i n en i e [ ee Diag am] , -, E. A ( D 30-40 , 2) courses. ashington.edu/anth457/pastoral.htm , ( 1) / " ), " ) ' , 5/6 1/15/12 Pastoralism Lecture Notes (This last option onl happens if father is ver successful, has lots of wives & cattle, and therefore can afford to let oldest sons "bud off" and leave father's labor force as well as reduce his herds) courses. ashington.edu/anth457/pastoral.htm 6/6 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course ANTH 457 taught by Professor Smith,e during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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