Roots of contemp. ecol

Roots of contemp. ecol - 1/15/12 Roots of contemp. ecol....

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Unformatted text preview: 1/15/12 Roots of contemp. ecol. crisis ROOTS OF THE CONTEMPORARY ENVIRONMENTAL CRISIS [Note: M ost of the following is for Wednesda 's class; click here for the section germ ane to our final session (Frida )] In od c ion M : , & - , , , ( ), M 1) , T 2) , I ,I ( , "C EC ") We e n C l F al V al e I C EC T W , , 1) J : -C ) (L W " , 1967): ( " A 2) C ( 17 D : ) / , ( ) 3) P : , " " T T courses. ashington.edu/anth457/crisis.htm ( I ' ), 1/7 1/15/12 Roots of contemp. ecol. crisis Fi , i ca be a g ed ha h , J de -Ch i ia e igi i e i ab e d c fi,i' f he e " e e a e "ag ha bee a df e ea h e bee a g i ec i g e ai ih b ad a b a d ea , if he CEC i a h; O he ha d, i a a ig b a e a , i ce -We e c ed ha e e fec ei e a ec d (e.g., e e i e def e a i i Chi a g e bac e e a h a d ea , a dc e i i h efi ed a , e , a d hi h ce eb a i g a ce de bea f a e; e e i e def e a i i he ci c -Medi e a ea eceded he ead f C h i i a i ) Thi ( gge ha he e e a a i a e a be ece a i We e ) pl s e hi g e e a ia ; e ha d ce ide i a e a ce ai e f a e ead e i e a da age A dee e e b e c i ici i ha a e a a i f C EC i e f " a e " i i he e ic e e; i a ic a , i fai e ai he e he a e c e f : Wha f ce c ea ed he a d ade he ce a de c e? Thi c i ici i a ea " a e ia i " e a a i a e , hi e a e ia i ca ci , ech g, a d ac i e f he ge e a deba e be ee " e a i " ( "c a i ") a d f cia cha ge, i h e a i /c ai de i i g a e f he de i e he a e f he i f e ce f a e ia fac ( ch a e ce ai g h, a a e ec i , e c.) a d i ce i e h a h gh Th , a " a e ia i " d a g e ha a e i g de c i e beha i ad a eae ee ( i e edi a e i i a ca a chai ca a e ), a d ha a a i fac a a i h d de i ea e he a e ia ca e fa i g he c ae i ad e i e ce f he e a e e he F ea e, ee i de a a e ia i a eed f ca i (M e hi e a idea i d a ib i i g ec i e a ef ec i ai f de i g ed c eai i d ci a e ia i ie be e he dec ea ed ha i g a d i c ea ed i g a cha ge i a e g e i g ge e i a e ia ca e (e.g., i c ea ed bi i a , eadi g dec i i g a ff eci ci di i d a i a d i de i , d dec ea ed ) ) H man Na re A he he e e e f f da e a fea e f h a e -ba ed e a a ea a ai ca e f C EC a e h e ha i e a he I c de f , hi i d f e a a i a g e ha i i "h a a e" be g eed , ac i e fi ee , c e e ce i ff i g a a id a i b e, a d be h - i gh ed a d e fi h e gh i g e g- e b ade c e e ce f ac i Ta e a face a e, hi ei e a ci e ie gge O e logical be i h ch a i e i (deg ee f e i e a da age) courses. ashington.edu/anth457/crisis.htm he e i i e h ha i e ac ef ef a (h ig a beha i a a da e) ai a a i ab e e i di g 2/7 1/15/12 Roots of contemp. ecol. crisis A em pirical A " " pl us A an ( , ) W T " " , -W ( Ma e iali ) Ca e I " " . ., M " " C EC , , C EC = , , Population growth -B ( , M , AIDS) 1) I : ( . ., A ; U.S. = ) C EC , 2) M , , W M I ( ) ; -M ( . ., T ,I , ), , , O - ' , courses. ashington.edu/anth457/crisis.htm al one ( ) , 3/7 1/15/12 Roots of contemp. ecol. crisis Technolog I C EC , , W , ( ) , AR 225(3):132) (1971, "T , , ," Scientific Am erican When such energ sources are available, the pressures that can be brought to bear on specific ecos stem s are no longer lim ited to the energ that the ecos stem itself can generate, and alterations becom e feasible that were form erl out of reach. O A - , N , - Econom ic Growth ( S ) C EC , B , , , , " , , " ( . ., USSR, PRC) I , - T ' , , - ( ) A , - , (" "), , , Q (" R ( . ., ") , , ) , (1971: 132) As m an forces the ecos stem s he dom inates to be increasingl sim ple, however, their alread lim ited autonom is further dim inished. The are subject not onl to courses. ashington.edu/anth457/crisis.htm 4/7 1/15/12 Roots of contemp. ecol. crisis local en i onm en al e , b al o o e aneo econom ic and poli ical ici i de . The com e o el m o e and m o e on im po ed m a e ial ; he m en ho m anip la e hem becom e m o e and m o e bjec o di an e en , in e e and p oce e he m a no e en g a p and ce ainl do no con ol. Na ional and in e na ional conce n eplace local con ide a ion , and i h he eg la ion of he local eco e m co m i n g f o m o i d e , h e em ' no m al elf-co ec i e capaci i di m i ni hed and e en al l de o ed. The oo of hi em lie in he o igin of a ified ocie ie e e al ho and ea ago (j e e da in e m of he f ll pan of h man e i ence, b long befo e he i e of capi ali m), and ha e been nlea hed in f ll fo ce b colonial e pan ion of E opean me can ili m (and hen capi ali m) o e he hole globe in la 500 ea Whe e Do We Go F om He e? Gi en he ma i e hi o ical ine ia a o k he e, and he e e -e panding po e and o ld ide p ead of capi ali p od c ion, i he e an ob io a o of he CEC? O a igned eading p o ide ome con a ing ie on he e i e Lo & Heinen p opo e ha people ill onl a oid en i onmen al de c ion if i i in hei ho e m elf-in e e o do o, impl ing ha hi i no hing ne in h man hi o ( ho gh pe hap in en ified) Alco n ake a mo e con en ional en i onmen ali po i ion, a g ing ha majo en . de no el p oblem hich m be co ec ed b changing o en i onmen al al e o e hic c i on i a No gaa d ake a middle g o nd of o , loca ing he p ima o ce of o con empo a en i . c i i in an economic em (ma ke capi ali m) ha p ofi di p opo iona el f om o e con mp ion, and fo e i o ld ide; hence he implie ha effec i e change m be ocioeconomic in fo m (and ill be diffic l o achie e), b al o a g e ha e need o "de i e a iable image of he f e, o change he ocab la of o poli ical di co e" (p 180), and abandon a o ld ie ba ed on p og e --a a he men ali p e c ip ion of ho o comba he C EC Cla p o ide mma ie of a io ca e hich co ld be ed o ppo each of he abo e po i ion o a ing deg ee , ho gh hi ie eem clo e o Lo & Heinen han o he o he Whe e he a io ie pe hap con e ge i in ie ing comm nal managemen b indigeno o local comm ni ie a of en be e a con e ing e o ce han a e ma ke fo ce o b ea c acie Alco n a g e ha " adi ional con e a ion em main ain biodi e i fo b i ence and i al p po e " (323) b al o ha " he b i ence need of he b geoning global h man pop la ion" i nde mining con e a ion (324) The e i ome en ion be een Alco n' a emen ha adi ional b i ence c l e con e ed e o ce ia le limi ing e ploi a ion (p. 326) and he a emen ha "Biodi e i ha pe i ed courses. ashington.edu/anth457/crisis.htm 5/7 1/15/12 Roots of contemp. ecol. crisis " ( . 325) I , , , - - , , , NGO T o , , Tow ards Sustainabilit S " (A ) " " " (N O C EC )? : , , , B ?I , , - , " "? F , : 1) : , " " ( ) 2) 3) - : : , , M , 5,000 ( - 50,000) , ( I " "( " " , courses. ashington.edu/anth457/crisis.htm ' ' - ) ) "W , " 6/7 1/15/12 Roots of contemp. ecol. crisis So ho gh I o ld a he no be, I am a lea pa l con inced b ho e ho a g e ha " de elopmen " on a la ge cale i an o mo on, a opian del ion I o ld be plea ed o hea cogen a g men o he con a , ho e e ; ee o in cla ainable .... Alcorn, Janis B. (1991) Epilogue: Ethics, economies, and conservation. In Biodiv ersit : Cult ure, Conserv at ion, and Ecodev elopment , ed. M. L. Oldfield and J. B. Alcorn, pp 317- 349. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Brooks, Jerem S., et al. (2006) Testing h potheses for the success of different conservation strategies. Conserv at ion Biolog 20(5):1528- 1538. Cashdan, Eli abeth (1992) Spatial organi ation and habitat use. In Ev olut ionar Ecolog and Human Behav ior, ed. E. A. Smith and B. Winterhalder, pp 237- 266. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gru ter. Cla , Jason (2004) Borrowed f rom t he f ut ure: Challenges and guidelines f or communit -based nat ural resource management . NY: Ford Foundation [Environment and Development Affinit Group]. Low, Bobbi S. and Joel T. Heinen (1993) Population, resources, and environment: Implications of human behavioral ecolog for conservation. Populat ion and Env ironment 15:7- 41. Norgaard, Richard B. (1994) Dev elopment Bet ra ed: The End Of Progress And A Co-Ev olut ionar Rev isioning Of The Fut ure, pp. 173- 190. NY: Routledge. courses. ashington.edu/anth457/crisis.htm 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course ANTH 457 taught by Professor Smith,e during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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