Social Stratification

Social Stratification - 1/15/12 Social Stratification THE...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/15/12 Social Stratification THE ECOLOGY OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION T i c c e ed i hi ec e: 1) Wha i a ifica i ? 2) Wha a e he 3) I ai ec ai ee a e:P gica e a ai I di a f ade fea a ifica i ; ? e f i i ga i i aef ai Wha i S a ifica ion? S a ifica i ca be defi ed a i a ,b c efe inequalities i power, wealth, and status be ee categories f e e (e.g., c a e , ca e , e h ic g ) Sa O d i e a i i e be ee i di i d a a e f a if a a a ified cie ? e ha d, i e c ie de e he e, institutionali ed i hi a i g e cia h ch i e ai d e i a e a i i e ba ed e a a i ie (cha i a, ec ic cia i , e c.) a ifica i , i ce he a e ' defi ed b e be hi i a a ic a ca eg S , if i a h i g ba d he be h e he hea e / ha a i he d i high ega d a d ha efe e ia acce ee ce , hi ai ' cia a ifica i O he ha d, a h a cie ie da e e hibi i i age, a d (a ?) ha e ge de -ba ed i e a i ie a e ; ab e, a ha cie ie a e a ified i a i ed i e a i i e ba ed b he ge e a defi i i gi e B de f cia a ifica i a e i e e ed i diffe e ce be ee ca eg ie f e other than age-c a e ge de -- i.e., he ea i e a i ie ba ed ic age a d ge de i e a a e ca eg ie Th , i c ee e cie ie c a ified a "ega i a ia " e e h gh he a be a ia cha ge c acie (e.g., eA a i a ab i gi e , a a ai g ), he e he e de a e ha e c i de ab e e a dc b a ia e ea h ha d he ( e, ge e ) i he cie S cia cie i di ag ee ab " i e e d i a e " ca e ch a chiefd ai P e ia cie ie ) -- a e he a ified, e e " a ed" ? Ba e defi i i , he e a ifica i i e e i a i i ed ai - ae S a e ha e e addi i i defi ed b a cha ac e i ic be ide ci ec ci ec (e.g., NW C a ic c a ic ," a ifica i a ified I di a , cie " : 1. Ce a i ed a d hie a chica /b ea c a ic i ica ga i a i 2. High c dified ega e f deci i - a i g a d e f ce e courses. ashington.edu/anth457/stratif.htm 1/7 1/15/12 Social Stratification 3. G e ea 4. S e f ec 5. D e e ai 6 . L a g e ca e ( 7. C e ec e f e ha f ce ( ice, a ie ) i a i ( a a i ) a d edi i b i ic e a i ge e a e e 100,000) i c di i i f ab ( cc a i a e ci a i a i ) Ee b a defi i i , a e e a e ic a ed i a ified cie ie ( a i - a e ), h gh e e 100 ag he e e e a a a - ca e cie ie (e.g., A a ia I dia , high a d Ne G i ea, B e , ce a A c ic I i ), a d 5,000 ag ae ee i a ei e Th gh a i i g e a i e a e i h a hi ci ec ic e , ih f d ec F ea e, e b aci g i i d c i f egi ec gica i abi i Ca , a ifica i gica c e a ie a f ai f i h a ifica i d e fi d he ci ec i c i eg a i f a ge egi f e e; hi hif f ca e ce i i a i a d e f- fficie c a ae ee be a cia ed i h i c ea ed e ce d e e i a d (a i e ee a e i he c e) e of S a ifica ion U de a di g i gi f a ifica i i diffic , i a chae gica ec d f di ec e ide ce he Rea f ha i a ified e) O ce he a i e, a ified ca e ai i gi f fi Wha d i e ega i a ia Ii ad i e eae i a i i ed e ab i gi f a ifica i , i i c ea ha i i a e ea ed h gh d f g a e g d , a d hi i ca e c d e ega i a i a ci e i e ) ed a ified cie ie ad a a a beca ce hi i ha i e ec d e e ge i h a ifica i (i fac , e ide ce gge ca e i i g a fi de e ed i de ca ecific f c i f cie ie : ai ai a ec d , a d ec d ge ea gie a d hi ie f he edi a A h gh he e i ch ha e d ' e a i e ece de e e (e.g., a f aee a i a dc e f Ae e i ea e ce b i e ce de, i ce ai cie ie e he ai c ae f ba i c a 1. S a ifica i = i 2. S a ifica i = e i courses. ashington.edu/anth457/stratif.htm e e a da e e (i.e., ca e a ifica i a ec b ? A e he e ec e f age f ci a ache : gica hich e ca e f ega i a i a f " i i e" a e f ae e a ifica i i ec e ha gica e hi a ai gica e ega i a i a ,b ) ? ai a ge e a ag i c a e be e ac e ce f a he 2/7 1/15/12 Social Stratification The e a ache fe F c i a he ie f c be efi a e e e f c ed functional a d conflict he ie , e be efi e (N e: The e di i i a ifica i ) The e 2 ie ( ee Tab e) e e a dee i gi e dia e ica F ci ai ee i e f a e a g ed e 300 ag ) I hi ie , ce a i ed ab , e c.) a d gi e ec i , a i b ic a ie ; i c a ,c cia cie ce -- c iei e e eai f ec i e f ic he ie a g e ha e i e fi ed a a d i e b reciprocit , a " ec ec gica a a f cia c cia e f a ifica i ac " (a H bbe e i a ba gai ha be efi e e e: ci i e a a e ( ha e f c e f eed , a d i e he a e i de b i c de , i i a (e.g., i iga i , high a , b ic b i di g ) C f ic he i (f h he fa /i f e ia i Ma ) ee e ploitative, i a i be efi i g i g e i e , a d a i i g he d i a ce & e i a i , e e face a a i a d e e i ae a e ae , e ia bi F c i a he ie e ha i e a i ic e a i be ee e i e a d c e ;ei e a e ee a idi g a age ia be efi , a d he c e ' a f he ba gai i d ce he ece a ade a e e a d he e e ice C f ic he ie b c ea : ide gica c ece a ) f ce Wha ab O de he ie ( ge e a " g e e a ee e i e a a a i ic, e ac i g ( a i i , he c ac , e c.), ecific ce a i a i 19 h ce " & i c ea e i c f he de e e f f c ech ica a ifica i e b ai edge, a d (if ? ) ie ed cia a ifica i a a a ife a i e i cha ac e i ic f ci c ae i f he M de ch a di i he e a g e a teleological ( cie ie d ' ha e a a a ic e de c bec e ec e ), tautological ( he i e e- abe ha eed be e ai ed, a d ca i he ca e), a d ethnocentric ( he ii de ae a ec i ai fa 40,000 f h a hi ) F i g he di c edi i g f he e " cia ge "e a ai ,a cia he i i aea" i e e " ( e a iab e, i a ca e) e i b e f de e e f A O ab e h , fa ed i e e (a d a cia ed ec gica , ec e e i i e ) diffe be ee f c i a & c f ic he ie f a ifica i e ha d, f c i ai courses. ashington.edu/anth457/stratif.htm i benefits b ai ed h gh a ifica i ic, a d gh a ifica i cia : 3/7 1/15/12 Social Stratification 1) C f i c ed c i ( a e a ice f ce ee " a e" f a agai a ): i hi ie , i di id a de b ai be efi f afe & d e ic de a a ch , e he H bbe ia a i ac ifice e f eed 2) Redi ib i : i g e i e a (be e e ?) ec edi i b i e ha b ffe di a i ie i e ci ec ic f c a i he e ge ei 3) Mi i a defe e: effec i e defe e f a ge cia i ( bigge a ), a d i i a i e e ci a i i c ad i i a ce d e e i e e ie fa d ci Ic a , c f ic he ie ee a ifica i a d i e b e e ab i hi g he e e he e e ec gica a d ci ec Si ce e ce c eii hc eii ead O e i f e ia a g e 2) e i e a ci c f ef a ifica i i (Ca ei , B ci i i bi ei e) h a age e a& hie a chica ga i a i iia a d , ce c e i i , i hei e i c c di i e i: i ,c i ci g c f ic he ie a ce a d i he e ac i bi a i f 1) ec e ie ai f ca e a d Econom of scale efe i ai he e e -ca i a ec ic efficie c i g ea e a a ge ca e ( be f e e c e a i g, a ea de d c i , i e f fac , e c.); f e a e, i g a fe a ge hi ca ade be ee i a d , a he ha a a hi Circum scription efe f ea i g a a ea (f de e ) Gi e he e' e he e e e ci c a highe cha ce , a d e e be f I he ica i ci ie hie e ae a d b di (ci c ci ei ea ea e, a i e f ec d ai ic he e ge ei ha i i h ich, e - a e ed e i e high c ded b c i i ( ea a i ai fe e ee i e a he e ge ei ), ce ha a eg e f cie ca i e d i a e acce hi c e ac a e (i f f a e , ab , i i a e ice, e c.) f cie ce a i , ai g h i e ified e ce c eii de e e f a chica ci a g a i a i i hi ca g f e effec i e c eii ; a ifica i cc he e eg e ab e effec i e c acce e ce , a e ca aff d e ig a e beca e di g a ea ch ei e ce i ), cc ied b he g ii g a i ig a i Thi ce a i fi he 6 acce ed ca e f " i i e" (i de e de Me a ia, Eg , I d Va e , Sha g/ce a Chi a, Va e ae ba i i ged b a i d a d a d/ ai ; i a fi aef ai i E ea c i a i (NW C a , a ee fi e a ea ac i g a ifica i courses. ashington.edu/anth457/stratif.htm ) a e de e e: f Me ic , c a a Pe , a i e a ea ha e e he h d f fP e ia, e c.); b i addi i 4/7 1/15/12 Social Stratification Technological comple i p o ide an al e na i e ea on eli e a e able o con ol mean of p od c i on & e ac pl f om p od ce , and hi i cen al o Ma & Engel ' model of he eme gence of a ifica ion ( ee "h d a lic h po he i " belo ) E amples When e e amine pecific in ance of a ifica ion, all find ha he igid dicho om be een f nc ional and conflic heo ie doe no hold p e ell, no doe one fac o all eme ge a a "p ime mo e " ( ni a ca e) E ample 1: Pomo Trade Feast ill managing economic edi ib ion a e incipien a ifica ion, f nc ional ole of eli e in Pomo Indian e e he indigeno inhabin of an e en i e a ea of no he n coa al Calif (c en l = Sonoma & Mendocino Co n ie ) Thi a ea e ched f om ocean o in e io o e coa ange, co e ing 3 one : 1) coa line & ed ood fo e (ma ine food , almon n , b lea fa o able habi a fo h man b i ence) 2) in e io alle (g a , oak g o e --ab ndan aco n & game) 3) Clea Lake a ea (fi h, a e fo l, m ch game, oo , e c. -- mo fa o able) P io o E opean colonial in ion, Pomo e e di ided in o a lea g o p ( e med " ibele ") of a fe h nd ed membe each 34 poli icall a onomo Beca e of en i onmen al di e i j no ed, a ell a ea onali of ome e o ce , adjacen ibele of en had acce o e diffe en e of e o ce When an ab ndance of a pa ic la e o ce a ha e ed in an one ibele ' a ea, a ade fea a held; he e all linked ibele occ p ing diffe en en i onmen al one (and hence enjo ing complemen a e o f e o ce ) A a pical h o gho Na i e Califo nia, each Pomo ibele a headed b a chief ho li ed in main illage in la ge ho e, had con ol o e p blic o eho e i h food ff and o he good , ppo ed a n mbe of c af peciali , and a a i ed b a io admini a i e a i an and ce emonial leade (man of he e being clo e kin men of chief) Po i ion of chief a no ic l inhe i ed, b con i ed local a i oc ac ended o be monopoli ed b a fe famil line Po e of chief did no come f om fo ce o di ine anc ion -- he had nei he -- b con ol o e economic, diploma ic, and ce emonial life of hi g o p T ade F ea e emplifie ho hi a he f om hi o ked Chief decided hen o call a fea , and en o courses. ashington.edu/anth457/stratif.htm ho a nne o a ibele cho en o be g e 5/7 1/15/12 Social Stratification G , G & , T , M , , ( . ., , 100 =5 ); , A T F F , ; , , in eq al shares " ' ; " N , , ), increasing ) red cing red cing . ( ( I ( ) T ( , ) ; " " , ( ) T & , , ) ( E 2. H draulic h pothesis T K W ), ( T S ( - & ) ( , )&J - , , ( -, P courses. ashington.edu/anth457/stratif.htm ) -( .) 6 6/7 1/15/12 H Social Stratification e e , c i ic f he h he i ci e a) e i e ce f i iga i e bef e i e f a e i e ca e ; b) e i e ce f a e bef e i iga i i he ; a d c) ca e he e i iga i e e e ed c a a ifica i (e.g., H h a c e f ehi ic SW) Ne e he e , ch a ag ee ha feedback e ed a d b h i c ea ed h ce b h hie a ch & i iga i a ei f ce e ee e e , positive Concl sions I e a a i g a e a i e ie 1) Ma , e ha fac ( ee i , ca e e a, a ifica i f a ifica i e ci c ,d a h ee c e ea c a) c e i i : f ee i i e a d ca 2) Wha e e i ca e , a ifica i a cia ed i h a i e i c ea e i rate of resource e traction ( ef ec ed i a id & ai ed ai g h) i Da i ia e a ea "be eficia " a e -- b e ha e e e i g ei e , h ff " " be efi he e e a d hei c e i 3) Thi i c ea e i e ce e ac i a d c e e ce -- a ic e e ia courses. ashington.edu/anth457/stratif.htm ee ai i a e ha f hi c e e ei ei a be ea 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course ANTH 457 taught by Professor Smith,e during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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