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Astronomy Hypertext_ Origin of Scientific Thought

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Unformatted text preview: 1/15/12 Astronomy Hypertext: Origin of Scientific Thought As tronom H perte t Origin of Scientific Thought Lat est Modif icat ion: Jul 22, 2002 A onom , mo e o han an o he cience fo mo people, i a cience non mo i h he f e. And e , a onom ma ell be he olde of he cience and e en he in pi a ion fo all cience. O p i of kno ledge abo he ph ical o ld ha been ongl haped b o fa cina ion i h he changing pano ama in he hea en . In ellec al ho gh ha been in pi ed b bo h he bea and he immen i of he a onomical o ld. A onom ha no onl im la ed o he cience , ch a ph ic and ma hema ic , b ha al o in pi ed c ea i e effo in a , m ic, and li e a e. Le begin o e plo a ion b eeking he o igin o o igin of cience i elf. Hi o ho ha one of man' p eocc pa ion ha been he he o no e can a c ibe meaning o o e i ence. Pa of he ea ch fo meaning i he na e of man' ph ical e i ence; ha i i made of, ho did i come in o being, and ho ill i end, if e e ? Since appa en l no o he e pe ience, o ide of h man ph iological f nc ion , i an mo e ni e al o he people of he Ea h han ha of he hea en , e can ace he oo of hi conce n abo o ph ical e i ence back ho and o e en en of ho and of ea hen o ance o fi began con empla ing he hea en . Ca e pain ing , cliff ca ing , one and ood mon men , and po e f agmen fo nd o ld ide all e if o he impo ance ha he hea en pla ed in ea l ho gh . Fo e ample, e ha e e idence ha one- age man in E ope a appa en l keeping ack of c cle of l na pha e on piece of bone ome 30,000 ea ago. To man ancien people he hea en e e mo e han a o ce of onde ; he held po e o e ea hl e i ence, in ha cele ial god e e belie ed o be able o con ol h man de in . Ast rol og became he ke ha e ealed di ine plan fo he co e of h man e en . Al ho gh po e ing no cien ific ba i and ha ing clea l di e ged f om a onom b he e en een h cen , ea l a olog did make one con ib ion o a onom : i p ed he pe i en and o de l eco ding of eg la i ie in he mo emen of he S n, Moon, and plane ela i e o he backg o nd a . And beca e of hi , ell befo e he da n of eco ded hi o ome 6000 ea ago, he e eg la i ie e e highl de eloped kno ledge. Some of he ea lie a onomical e , hich eco d he mo emen of he plane , a e fo nd on Bab lonian c neifo m able da ing f om almo 2000 B.C. (Pl anet come f om he G eek lang age, and i mean ande re r, in con a i h he fi ed a .) Conce n fo a onomical kno ledge a no been confined o he people of he Medi e anean. Fo ome ime in he hi d millenni m B.C., befo e he b ilding of he p amid in Eg p , ea l B i on began he con c ion of S onehenge. I ha long been kno n ha he o ien a ion and c e of S onehenge ha a onomical ignificance; i p inciple a i ma k he di ec ion of n i e a he ime of he mme ol ice. H nd ed of one mon men in Sco land, England, and F ance ha e been ho n o di pla a ophi ica ion in a onom fa be ond ha e pec ed of he ea l inhabi an of he e a ea . Man of he e ame commen can be made abo he physics.gmu.edu/~jevans/astr103/ /history_originsOfThought.html 1/2 1/15/12 Astronomy Hypertext: Origin of Scientific Thought N W , C M . M , U , , cosmol og . O .T .I : U ; .T , E .A , , , .N . I , .I , .F .S .W .O , , , .A , - .H .L G , , .T G . C N P N 1995, J. C. Ev ans Physics & Ast ronomy Depart ment , George Mason Univ ersit y Maint ained by J. C. Ev ans; j ev [email protected] physics.gmu.edu/~jevans/astr103/ /history_originsOfThought.html 2/2 ...
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