Study Guide Psyc 101

Study Guide Psyc 101 - Study Guide Psyc 101 cfw_For Test #1...

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Study Guide Psyc 101 {For Test #1} Chapter 1 1. Define psychology and explain your definition. It is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes of the mind. The characteristics are based on different elements such as the way human thinks to do an action or idea. 2. Distinguish between science, pseudoscience and “common sense”. Science: objective data collection, systematic observation, and reliance on evidence. Common sense: subjective data collection, hit or miss observation, and ignores counterevidence. 3. Why do psychologists want to focus on “behavior”? Because they want to understand the nature of the human condition. 4. Discuss the nature/nurture controversy? It is the psychological characteristics of whether they are biologically innate or come from experiment, experiences, or culture. Psychology can come from nature by genetics or biology, or it can come from nurture by our environment and surroundings. 5. How has Darwin’s theory of evolution influenced psychological theory? His theory of evolution emphasizes the inheritied adaptive value of behavior and mental activity throughout the history of a species. He said we are like animals and they are like us. We can learn more about us by studying animals. 6. Distinguish between Cartesian dualism and monism. Dualism is the idea that mind and body are separate, yet intertwined. Monism is identity. Mind is what the brain does. 7. What are the defining characteristics of critical thinking? Willing to wonder, but be skeptical; examine definitions and terms; examine assumptions or premises of argument; consider alternative interpretations; examine evidence; do not oversimplify; do not overgeneralize 8. Discuss the theme that we can be unaware of what drives our behaviors, thoughts and feelings. 9. Discuss the notion that psychology must use several levels of analysis. Biological – deals with how the physical body contributes to mind and behavior. Individual – focuses on individual differences in personalities and in mental processes that affect how people perceive the world. Social – involves how group contexts affect people’s way of interacting. Cultural – deals with how different cultures shape thoughts, feelings, and actions of people. 10. What is psychotherapy and what does it mean that it is scientifically driven? 11. Discuss the approach to psychology defined by the following schools of thought: Structuralism, Functionalism, Behaviorism, Psychoanalysis, Cognitive Psychology, Gestalt, Biological Psychology. Structuralism – Wundt. Approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components or elements. Wundt realized that psychological processes take time to occur. Functionalism – William James. The approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose or
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course PYSC V101 taught by Professor Professorcastleberry during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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Study Guide Psyc 101 - Study Guide Psyc 101 cfw_For Test #1...

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