midterm review guide

midterm review guide - Islamic Civ Midterm Review Evolution...

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Islamic Civ. Midterm 10/18/10 Review Evolution of elites: 1. Pre-Islamic era – Quraysh tribe largely controlling Mecca 1. Khadija and Abu Talib wealthy and powerful 2. 622 – Hijra 1. Division between Meccans and original population – Muhajirun and Ansar 2. Muhajirun claimed to have seniority in Islam because they were the first converts 3. “Constitution of Medina” = agreement trying to organize political and social life between Muhajirun and Ansar 1. Muhammad decides when there needs to be war and when there needs to be peace 2. Muhammad’s followers = Believers (not yet called Muslims) 1. Constituted political confederation 2. Crucial to maintain solidarity against outsiders or “unbelievers” 3. Created social divisions/classes 4. Believers = inclusive, Muslim = exclusive 3. Jews were part of the Medinan community 1. Must stay loyal to pact 2. Jews are a threat to the conversions of Islam 3. Text shows Muhammad’s hope to convert Jews of Medina 4.
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