Psyc100Exam1StudyGuide REVISED-1

Psyc100Exam1StudyGuide REVISED-1 - Introduction to...

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Introduction to Psychology – Chapter 1 Be familiar with the goals of Psychology and 3 levels of analysis 3 levels of analysis: - biological brain processes, genetic influence chemical part of body and brain - psychological thoughts, feelings and motives and how they affect behavior how certain motives and personality traits influence behavior cognitive perspective – process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience and the senses - environmental – past and current physical and social environments to which we are exposed and how they shape our behavior thoughts and feelings Goals: 1. Describe how people and other species behave 2. Understand the causes of behaviors 3. Predict actions of people and animals under certain conditions 4. Influence behavior via control of causes 5. Apply psych knowledge to enhance human welfare Be familiar with different psychological perspectives and specialty areas within psychology Rationalism – Renee Des Carte - Build on true statements, therefore future statements true ie. Math - Some theories so clear and distinct, they can’t possibly be wrong - Can’t use life experience bc may be flawed you can’t know based on sensory info bc unsure if it is true/reality - Can’t compare theory to life experience - If you’re thinking, you may be wrong, but it means you exist I think therefore I am Empiricism – ideas and knowledge gained empirically through the senses - Observation, not reason, to obtain knowledge, rather than theory or pure logic Monism – mind and body are one Behavioral – role of external environment in governing actions Humanistic – free will, personal growth and attempt to find meaning in one’s existence Cognitive – examines nature of human mind and how mental processes influence behavior Socio-cultural – social enviro and cultural learning influence our behavior, thoughts and feelings Biological – brain processes and other bodily functions regulate behavior Science and Psychology – Chapter 2 How long has psychology been around as a scientific discipline? 1800s What is the difference between rationalism and empiricism?
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- Empiricism claims that sense experience is the ultimate source of all of our concepts and knowledge, whereas Rationalism claims that concepts and knowledge are gained independent of sense experience Why do we generate theories? 1. Theory lays out the relationship between A and B 2. Purpose is to understand world around us What is a hypothesis, and what is its significance? 1. Model or idea see theory What are the processes involved in Scientific Method? 2. See notes What is an independent variable? What is a dependent variable? 3.
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2012 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Capo during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Psyc100Exam1StudyGuide REVISED-1 - Introduction to...

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