wun2k4 - Duke University Department of Physics Physics 392...

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Duke University Department of Physics Physics 392 Fall Term 2011 WUN2K FOR LECTURE 4 These are notes summarizing the main concepts you need to understand and be able to apply. Monte Carlo has huge variety of uses in particle and nuclear physics. One of the most widespread and powerful applications is detector sim- ulation . The idea is to “track” particles in a simulated experimental apparatus, to estimate properties of signals. Simulated data can be used to evaluate geometric acceptances, trigger efficiencies, resolutions and responses. Often simulated data are compared to real data to eval- uate physical models. Monte Carlo is also extensively used for detector design: it’s easily modifiable to allow optimization of configurations for best physics sensitivity. Monte Carlo simulations in particle physics have different kinds of com- ponents (although there’s a lot of variation among experiments).
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wun2k4 - Duke University Department of Physics Physics 392...

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