Eurographics Symposium on Geometry Processing (2006)
Konrad Polthier, Alla Sheffer (Editors)
Polar Jet Subdivision
and A. Myles
and J. Peters
University of Vilnius
University of Florida
We describe a subdivision scheme that acts on control nodes that each carry a vector of values. Each vector
defines partial derivatives, referred to as jets in the following and subdivision computes new jets from old jets. By
default, the jets are automatically initialized from a design mesh. While the approach applies more generally, we
consider here only a restricted class of design meshes, consisting of extraordinary nodes surrounded by triangles
and otherwise quadrilaterals with interior nodes of valence four. This polar mesh structure is appropriate for
surfaces with the combinatorial structure of objects of revolution and for high valences.
The resulting surfaces are curvature continuous with good curvature distribution near extraordinary points. Near
extraordinary points the surfaces are piecewise polynomial of degree (6,5), away they are standard bicubic splines.
Categories and Subject Descriptors (according to ACM CCS): I.3.5 [Computer Graphics]: Curve, Surface, Solid,
and Object Representations
We present a subdivision algorithm for a restricted class
of meshes as depicted in Figure
polar mesh struc-
], while very special, is natural for meshes with
the combinatorial structure of surfaces of revolution and lo-
cally, for many-sided blends and vertices of high valence.
Often, for example for reflective surfaces such as inside
car headlights, exactly these high-valence blends require
good curvature distribution. However, for standard subdivi-
sion schemes, high valence leads to visibly poor shape as
illustrated in Figure
.Indeed, standard schemes have been
shown to generate saddles even though the initial control net
has a convex triangulation [
]. While it is notoriously
difficult to argue that a scheme results in high-quality sur-
faces, or even to define high quality, the proposed scheme
does not exhibit the high-valence flaws observed for stan-
Polar jet subdivision has the following properties.
1. Linear, stationary, affine invariant refinement of a control
2. Control nodes of arbitrary valence.
supported by NSF DMI-0400214 and CCF-0430891
A polar design mesh: the extraordinary vertex
is surrounded by triangles. All quadrilaterals have nodes of
4. do not have obvious shape limitations for high valence and
5. can be represented as a sequence of polynomial pieces of
While the user manipulates a
, the scheme re-
fines vectors, called
, that are associated with nodes.