Greeks - Art and Architecture Ancient Greek art is divided into four periods the Geometric Archaic Classical and Hellenistic The Greeks built

Greeks - Art and Architecture Ancient Greek art is...

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Art and Architecture: Ancient Greek art is divided into fourperiods: the Geometric, Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic.The Greeks builtstatues,painted, but were best known fortheirarchitecture which still influences us today. The Greekshad one fundamental principle to their culture:arete, whichmeant excellence and reaching one's full potential.The spread of Greek cultural influence is known as Hellenization.In regards to architecture, a tribute to Athena the Parthenon wasbuilt, it is best known for its massive columns, which differedbased on location on the structure, contrasting with subtle details.The Greeks also built had an appreciation for statuary which tellsstories.EarlyGreek statues, called kouros, stood rigidly andstraightup.Over time, statuary adopted a more natural andrelaxed pose, which is what we are familiar with today. Among themostpopularofthesestatuesistheVenusde Milo, whichembodies the ‘ideal beauty’. Unfortunately many paintings did notsurvive their many trials, though the most enduring paintings werefound decorating ceramic pottery. Pottery consisted of two majorstyles: red figures on a black background or black figures againsta red background and depicted heroic or tragic stories of gods orhumans. For almost a millennium, as the Greek art thrived it also reflectedthe political power of the city, this is evident in the creation of theDelian League. When Persia invaded Greece it led to the creationof the Delian League. Once Athens has proved itself victories andearned the title of Hegemon, Pericles (leader of Athens) movedthe treasury of the Delian League to Athens and used it to rebuildthe city. The most notable was the rebuilding of the AthenianAcropolis. The acropolis was built to reflect the wealth, power andstatus of Athens. The most important of these buildings is theParthenon.

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