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NOTES ON SOME TOPICS IN APPLIED ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR Judith K. Blackshaw, BSc, MAEd Wash. (St. Louis), PhD School of Veterinary Science University of Queensland St. Lucia, Brisbane Queensland, 4067, Australia Third edition, June 1986, with an additional chapter by Judith K. Blackshaw and David J. Allan, QDAH (Hons), BSc (Vet.), BVSc (Hons), MBBS Copyright Judith K. Blackshaw Bibliography ISBN 0 9592581 0 8 1. Animal Behaviour. I. Title 591.51 Updated in 2003 by Dr Paul McGreevy, BVSc, PhD, MRCVS Senior Lecturer in Animal Behaviour Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney Additional material based on literature reviews by Paul McGreevy and undergraduates students in Agricultural Science at the University of Sydney, including Jaclyn Aldenhoven, Julia Barnes, Michelle Carpenter, Jennifer Clulow, Michael Connors, Simon De Graaf, Steven Downes, Damien Halloway, Trent Haymen, Kirstie Martin, Alison Morgan, Jeanette Olejnik, Terry Pollock, Sarah Pomroy, Caroline Wardrop, Evelyn Whitson and Catherine Wood. Editorial work by Lynn Cole ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I wish to thank the following people who helped me with this book. They are my husband, Dr. Alan Blackshaw; my friends, Dr Linda Murphy, Pig and Poultry Branch, Queensland Dept. of Primary Industries, and Mr. David Allen, Dept. of Medical Laboratory Science, Queensland Institute of Technology; Mrs. Althea Vickers, Dept. of Veterinary Medicine, and Miss CaroL Jang, Dept. of Animal Sciences and Production, University of Queensland for typing and design. 7th July, 1986 Judith K. Blackshaw i
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ii Notes on some topics in Applied Animal Behaviour Chapter 1. THE STUDY OF BEHAVIOUR 1 Chapter 2. SOME BASIC CONCEPTS OF APPLIED ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR 4 Man–animal interface model 4 Dominance concept 4 Flight distance 5 Crowding and over-crowding 6 Social facilitation 6 Stress and its measurement 6 Chapter 3. BEHAVIOURAL PROFILES OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS 9 Horses 9 Sheep 13 Cattle 18 Goats 23 Pigs 24 Poultry 29 Deer 34 Chapter 4. GRAZING ANIMAL MANAGEMENT AND BEHAVIOUR 39 Chapter S. DESIGN OF FACILITIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF LIVESTOCK 44 Chapter 6. ANIMAL TRANSPORT AND BEHAVIOUR 56 Chapter 7. THE BEHAVIOUR OF CATS AND DOGS 63 Chapter 8. PETS IN SOCIETY 79 Chapter 9. THE BEHAVIOUR AND MANAGEMENT OF PEST SPECIES 82 Chapter 10. WILD ANIMALS IN CAPTIVITY 91 Chapter 11. THE TRAINING OF ANIMALS 94 Training cattle to lead 94 Training sheep and cattle dogs 94 Training Guide Dogs 95 Training a pet dog 96 The Jeffrey Method of Horse Training 97 Chapter 12. AN APPROACH TO BEHAVIOURALAND WELFARE PROBLEMS IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS with D.J. Allan 99 INTRODUCTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Why do we study domestic animal behaviour? There are several reasons: (1) To manage and move stock without causing undue stress. (2) To design facilities which consider the needs of the animals. These facilities include housing systems for intensive husbandry, holding pens, loading and unloading ramps, transport vehicles, and provision for special operations, e.g. slaughtering, shearing, dipping.
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