PadillaPerez03a

PadillaPerez03a - ARTICLE Padilla Perez Acculturation...

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10.1 7 /0739 86303251694 ARTICLE Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences Acculturation, Social Identity, and Social Cognition: A New Perspective Amado M. Padilla William Perez Stanford University The authors argue in this article that new approaches are needed in the study of psycho- logical acculturation. They posit that a new model of psychological acculturation should incorporate contemporary work in social and cognitive psychology. The model they present builds on previous research in the areas of social cognition, cultural competence, social identity, and social stigma. Each of these perspectives is discussed in accordance with its relevance to the acculturative processes operating in immigrants. They hypothe- size that acculturation is more difficult for those persons who must cope with the stigma of being different because of skin color, language, ethnicity, and so forth. Finally, the authors believe that the theoretical framework present here will lead to more productive insights into the adaptation process of immigrants than has heretofore been the case. Keywords: acculturation; social cognition; identity; stigma In this article, we discuss psychological acculturation, by which we mean the internal processes of change that immigrants experience when they come into direct contact with members of the host culture. Our intent is not to attempt to revive older models of acculturation but to present a schema of a new model of acculturation that incorporates contemporary work in social and cognitive psychology. To discuss this new model of acculturation, it is first necessary to present a brief overview of the current status of accultura- tion research. Our review of acculturation research is not intended to be exhaustive. Our goal is merely to point out the current deficiencies in accul- turation research as we see them. Following this, we will present our model of acculturation that rests on four pillars: social cognition, cultural competence, social identity, and social stigma. Each of these will be discussed from a per- spective that shows their relevance to the acculturative processes operating in immigrants and their American-born offspring. In our general model of Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 25 No. 1, February 2003 35-55 DOI: 10.1177/0739986303251694 © 2003 Sage Publications 35
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acculturation, social stigma holds center stage; thus, we will point out ways in which individuals cope with the stigma of being different because of skin color, language, ethnic background, and so forth. Finally, we conclude this article with a new approach that we hope will encourage theoretical and empirical work in the area of acculturation. Overview of Acculturation Research
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course BI 200 taught by Professor Potter during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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PadillaPerez03a - ARTICLE Padilla Perez Acculturation...

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