pathologycareers - PATHOLOGY PATHOLOGY A Career in Medicine...

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PATHOLOGY A Career in Medicine The Intersociety Council for Pathology Information (ICPI) A Career in Medicine The Intersociety Council for Pathology Information (ICPI)
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Pathology is the medical specialty that provides a scientific foundation for medical practice The pathologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and management of human disease by laboratory methods. Pathologists function in three broad areas; as diagnosticians, as teachers, and as investigators. Fundamental to the discipline of pathology is the need to integrate clinical information with physiological, biochemical and molecular laboratory studies, together with observations of tissue alterations. Pathologists in hospital and clinical laboratories practice as consultant physicians, developing and applying knowledge of tissue and laboratory analyses to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of individual patients. As teachers, they impart this knowledge of disease to their medical colleagues, to medical students, and to trainees at all levels. As scientists, they use the tools of laboratory science in clinical studies, disease models, and other experimental systems, to advance the understanding and treatment of disease. Pathology has a special appeal to those who enjoy solving disease-related problems, using technologies based upon fundamental sciences ranging from biophysics to molecular genetics, as well as tools from the more traditional disciplines of anatomy, biochemistry, pharmacology, physiology and microbiology. The Pathologist in Patient Care The pathologist uses diagnostic and screening tests to identify and interpret the changes that characterize different diseases in the cells, tissues, and fluids of the body. Anatomic pathologists analyze the gross and microscopic structural changes caused by disease in tissues and cells removed during surgery or at autopsy. Cytopathology, the examination of individual cells to aid in disease detection, is an important component of modern patient care. Clinical pathology encompasses chemistry, microbiology, immunology, hematology, coagulation, and blood banking, among other types of laboratory testing. Molecular pathology utilizes newly developed strategies for DNA and RNA hybridization and amplification to aid in many aspects of both clinical and anatomic diagnoses. Collectively, all the pathology specialties contribute to understanding disease and treatment of the patient. Pathologists participate in day-to-day care of patients by providing and interpreting laboratory information to help solve diagnostic problems and to monitor the effects of therapy. New tools are used to increase the precision of diagnoses, e.g., those utilizing monoclonal antibodies, molecular biology, image analysis, and flow cytometry. Because of the expanding volume of new and highly complex tests, clinicians rely on the pathologist for guidance and direction in use of the clinical laboratory and interpretation of test results. The new field of
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course BI 200 taught by Professor Potter during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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pathologycareers - PATHOLOGY PATHOLOGY A Career in Medicine...

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