Classics 10 - Classics 10 Greek Roman and Near Eastern...

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Classics 10 Greek, Roman, and Near Eastern Mythology 9/23/11 Nector – drink Ambrosia – food TA: Nathan Hill – [email protected] Tim Brelinkski – [email protected] 706 Sproul Hall Lecture 1: Mythos vs. Logos The history of early Greek culture shows the shift from oral to written stories Greek alphabet invented in 800-750 BCE First stories written down In 750-700—BCE and were Homer’s Lliad and Odyssey o The Troy Story was at least 400 years old o Greatest stories ever produced Hesiod’s account of creation written soon after Archaic Period (800-490 BCE) – greek culture matures into a world with city- states, political freedom, fine arts Greek defeat of Persia in 490-480 propelled Greece into its maturity as a civilization They became more self-conscious and interacted more with others They invented the study of humanities Athens is the center of Greek learning and art “The school of Greece” o Poetry, history, philosophy all started there During the war between Athens and Sparta (431-404 BCE) o They now thought too much self analysis led to downfall The other side says that Self Advantage was the natural way o “man is the measure of all things” Logos won over the younger generation by 415 Socrates, a citizen was put on trial for corrupting the youth by not believing in the gods of the city and introduced new gods o Socrates taught Plato (his student) everything, and Plato taught Aristotle. o Plato and Aristotle represents the beginning of the advanced study in Western civilization o Aristotle advocated science Sophocles turned the world into a play to be performed Mythos and Logos are two approached in what is it to be human
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Pantheon was a part of everyday life All stories had a moral Readings: Chapter One Myth – “authoritative speech” “story” or “plot” original meaning o Modern day meaning of Myth: a traditional story with collective importance. Every myth and story has a beginning, middle, and end. Elements in a myth: Setting, Character, plots A story is a narrative with a plot Traditional – comes from the Latin word Trado (“hand over”) Lliad – written by Homer Myths are anonymous – no real authors Logos – account Mythos – story/myth Etiological tale – explains the causes that brought the world to existence (explains why things are the way they are basically) 3 types of myths, Devine myth, Legends, Folktales Beliefs – what you accept as a basis of action Devine myth – stories in which supernatural beings are the main actors o Gods are beings that are vastly superior o Control forces of nature (earthquake and tsunami caused by Poseidon) o Divine myths take place before time and space functioned as it does now o Devine myths often provide grand explanations for why things are now Legend – central characters are humans, not gods. o
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Classics 10 - Classics 10 Greek Roman and Near Eastern...

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