Funding 2 - COMMENTARY Illustrating natural science Fish...

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www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 322 10 OCTOBER 2008 189 R01 funding would provide about 3200 addi- tional research grants. Selective de-emphasis of R01 grants limits innovative discoveries for improving our nation’s health. H. GEORGE MANDEL 1 * AND ELLIOT S. VESELL 2 1 Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC 20037, USA. 2 Department of Pharmacology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. *To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: [email protected] References and Notes 1. H. G. Mandel, E. S. Vesell, Science 294 , 54 (2001). 2. H. G. Mandel, E. S. Vesell, J. Clin. Invest . 114 , 872 (2004). 3. H. G. Mandel, E. S. Vesell, Science 313 , 1387 (2006). 4. Kindly supplied by the Division of Information Services, Office of Research Information Services, NIH. 5. The new data differ from those previously published because under unsolicited grants, NIH now combines R01 data with Program Announcements (P.A.’s). Success rates for P.A.’s did not differ appreciably from those for R01’s, at least through FY1999 to 2005 when data for P.A. success rates were reported separately. For FY2004 and 2005, P.A.’s represented 20.4% of the combined pool, and for the 5 prior years the proportion was 15.6%. 6. For FY2007, first-time and second-time revisions have provided funding for an additional 1573 and 1272 grants, and $321.1 and $470.5 millions for new grants. For Type-2 amended applications, these numbers are 932 and 626, and $352.5 and $228.3 millions, respectively. 7. These figures include Type-1 and Type-2 grants, compet- ing, noncompeting, and supplements; http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/award/research/Research_ by_Activity_Code.xls. A Call to Action for Coral Reefs AT THE 11TH INTERNATIONAL CORAL REEF Symposium (ICRS) held in July in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, midway through the International Year of the Reef, more than 3500 experts from 75 countries assembled to face some hard truths: Coral reefs are teeter- ing on the edge of survival, and it is our fault. High levels of carbon dioxide in the atmo- sphere can produce a lethal combination of warmer seawater and lower pH. Pervasive LETTERS I BOOKS I POLICY FORUM I EDUCATION FORUM I PERSPECTIVES 196 Fish plates and fitness Species responses to climatic shifts 204 206 Illustrating natural science LETTERS edited by Jennifer Sills Declines in NIH R01 Research Grant Funding IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE NATIONAL CAUCUS of Basic Biomedical Science Chairs, we have tracked funding of R01 grants ( 1 3 ). We found an R01 decline, which slows progress in fundamental research and deters bright young people from entering science. In 2006, we reported ( 3 ) that between fis- cal years (FY) 1999 and 2005, there was a sharp decline in the funding of unamended (i.e., as originally submitted) R01 applica- tions. In the past 2 years, further declines have occurred for both new (Type-1) and renewal (Type-2) R01 applications (Table 1) ( 4 , 5 ).
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This note was uploaded on 01/15/2012 for the course BSC 3402 taught by Professor Brockmann,h during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Funding 2 - COMMENTARY Illustrating natural science Fish...

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