133 Exam 3 Study Guide awang.docx

133 Exam 3 Study Guide awang.docx - Music 133 Fall 2011...

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Music 133 Fall 2011 Exam 3 Study Guide The exam will include three parts: 1. Multiple choice questions in response to audio examples 2. Multiple choice questions that include definitions, terminology, and basic concepts 3. Short answer questions that draw on material from the reading and lecture and asks you to use specific examples from readings and lectures to think critically about the primary concepts covered so far To study, you should: Do the readings again—or for the first time, if you’ve neglected to do so thus far; Look at the terminology list at the end of this document; Look over the review questions in the book and at the end of this document, and compare with your lecture notes; Listen again—or for the first time. ..—to the recordings that were presented in lecture as well as to the ones called out at the end of this document. To me the most important large-order questions have been: How has music from Europe, Africa, and the New World combined in various ways in Africa, Latin America, and North America? How does social structure relate to musical structure? Africa – small, hierarchical Chiefdoms, with widely distributed power Boyobi ceremony and Bayaka – Egalitarianism in musical action, semi- nomadism In latin America, musical elements had been mixed because of slave trade(rumba, son), and different kinds of music developed in different race, and classes (rumba-black, danzon-high class), additionally, “syncretism” (religious Andean – siku ensembles – egalitarian society – no leader Some more specific questions and terminology tied to particular societies we studied: Sub-Saharan Africa What are the major shared features of Sub-Saharan African Music? call and response, thick timbres, ostinato, polyrhythms, improvisation
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- interlocking: fitting pitches and beats into the spaces of other parts/ alternating the pitches/phrases of one part with those of another to create the whole -call and response- alternation of leader and chorus parts or of vocal and isntrumental parts -asthetic preference for dense overlapping textures and buzzy timbres thtat contrubte to a dense sound quality -cyclical and open-ended form involving one or more repeated melodies or rhythmic patterns (ostinatos) as the basic foundation of a performance (repeated for a long time with variations over time) -african music is famous for rhythmic complexity -involve ‘core’ and ‘elaboration’ parts. . core = must be in place for a performance to go forward. . it’s the foundation to make variations possible. Includes basic rhythmic flow maintained by the bhosho and melodic harmonies of midrange and bass mbira. Elaboration = clapped patterns, vocal lines, high mbira melodies and bass variations, and dance
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How does each of the kinds of music we studied from Sub-Saharan Africa
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133 Exam 3 Study Guide awang.docx - Music 133 Fall 2011...

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