Exam 3 Study Guide
The exam will include three parts:
Multiple choice questions in response to audio examples
Multiple choice questions that include definitions, terminology, and basic
Short answer questions that draw on material from the reading and lecture and
asks you to use specific examples from readings and lectures to think critically
about the primary concepts covered so far
To study, you should:
Do the readings again—or for the first time, if you’ve neglected to do so thus far;
Look at the terminology list at the end of this document;
Look over the review questions in the book and at the end of this document, and
compare with your lecture notes;
Listen again—or for the first time.
..—to the recordings that were presented in
lecture as well as to the ones called out at the end of this document.
To me the most important large-order questions have been:
How has music from Europe, Africa, and the New World combined in various
ways in Africa, Latin America, and North America?
How does social structure relate to musical structure?
Africa – small, hierarchical Chiefdoms, with widely distributed power
Boyobi ceremony and Bayaka – Egalitarianism in musical action, semi-
In latin America, musical elements had been mixed because of slave
trade(rumba, son), and different kinds of music developed in different race, and
classes (rumba-black, danzon-high class), additionally, “syncretism” (religious
Andean – siku ensembles – egalitarian society – no leader
Some more specific questions and terminology tied to particular societies we studied:
What are the major shared features of Sub-Saharan African Music?
call and response, thick timbres, ostinato, polyrhythms, improvisation