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August 30 Culture and Cannibalism outline

August 30 Culture and Cannibalism outline - ANTH 209/SOC...

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ANTH 209/SOC 269 Lecture Outline August 30, 2011 Concepts and methods: Culture and the case of cannibalism I. Review of the previous lecture. Continuation of food/nonfood distinctions, pica, etc. II. People Eating: What is anthropophagy or cannibalism according to an anthropological perspective? 1. Anthropophagy - essentially cannibalism is a cultural system 2. Cross cultural studies of cannibalism point to several themes, classifications and perspectives: A. Nutritional function: i. allows us to get nutrients, calories, etc. .. Incidental – emergency, famine, catastrophes Long term - part of diet Biological effects (e.g. kuru, protein source etc.) B. Ritual and religious function: Cannibalism is part of mythical and religious symbolism, cannibalism as maintenance and reproduction of social, natural and cosmic order i. they die naturually, then bury them and dig them back up to eat ii. do this through religion, not just hungry and dig up and eat Endocannibalism – inside group, or ancestors. cannibalism is a product of mortuary rituals, reproduce generations and maintain ties w/ ancestors Exocannibalism – outside group. kill someone else to; eat enemies in
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August 30 Culture and Cannibalism outline - ANTH 209/SOC...

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