GOV_298_19 - The Institutions of the European Union READING...

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The Institutions of the European Union READING ASSIGNMENTS: The European Parliament , The European Council , The Council Presidency The European Commission , The Court of Justice , The European Court of Auditors
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http://www.reverbnation.com/artist/song_details/9682515 http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/b234ad8a-de98-11e0-a228-00144feabdc0.h
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Review: What role do International Organizations play? International coordination Solve coordination problems (especially in PD settings) Governments to pool resources through International Financial Institutions Pursue foreign policy goals Obfuscate the provision of foreign aid ("dirty work") Promote democracy NATO? Other regional organizations? Pursue domestic goals Commit governments to following a course of action IMF programs pressure “veto players” to adopt unpopular economic reform policies Lock-in the status quo ( example?) Signal “resolve” (example?)
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So this is the “why” of cooperation… What about the “how” of cooperation?
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How should we design institutions to best generate cooperation? The answer may depend on the goal Legitimize state existence: UN General Assembly may be sufficient – all equal Legitimize military force: Great military powers get veto power But if the goal is true “global governance,” how should we proceed? How do we achieve broad , deep commitments?
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So, consider 2 alternatives: Start with Then gradually deepen commitments Or start with: The gradually broaden membership
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To get lots of members, commitments must be shallow Once we get many states socializing together, We can gradually deepen commitments Normative approach
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United Nations Approach to international cooperation Broad membership shallow commitments at first then deepen Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (1976) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1981) Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (CAT) (1987) the only one with UNIVERSAL JURISDICTION
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Deep commitments may be possible with only a handful of states Once they start cooperating, the benefits of cooperation will be evident & attractive to other states We can gradually broaden membership Rationalist/materialist approach
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The EU Take homes?
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EU Approach The EU has taken a narrow approach Original agreement had just 6 members Deepened slowly with inertia Lots of veto power Ratification of agreements requires unanimity
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GOV_298_19 - The Institutions of the European Union READING...

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