GOV_298_24 - What role do international organizations play...

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What role do international organizations play in promoting democracy? READING ASSIGNMENT: Pevehouse, Jon C. 2002. Democracy from the Outside-In? Internatio International Organization 56:3:515-549.
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Plan Democratic peace Who signs trade agreements? What causes democracy? Economic explanation Effect of Regional Organizations Other stories
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The effect of IOs on democracy…. Obviously intrinsically important for a class on IO’s And it’s also part of a larger theme…
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The Democratic Peace Democracy International Organizations International Trade Peace War Reading from last class Reading from this class
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What causes trade agreements? Analytical tool time…
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What causes democracy? Analytical tool time…
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Today is really about what causes democracy… One of the strongest correlates of democracy: PER CAPITA INCOME (economic development)… Why? Democracy causes development? Mixed evidence (seems to change every decade) Spurious? Maybe… yet there does seem to be a causal connection Development causes democracy to EMERGE? Evidence is weak Development causes democracy to SURVIVE! One of the strongest findings in comparative politics
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Think DYNAMICALLY Don’t just look at correlations Consider Onset Continuation In this article we consider onset/emergence In other work, Pevehouse addresses continuation/survival
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How can regional organizations cause transitions to democracy? Summary I. Diplomatic & economic pressure II. Acquiescence of anti-democracy elites 1. hands-tying 2. socialization (norms)
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(I) How do IO's provide diplomatic & economic pressure? 1. highly visible 2. multi-lateral legitimacy (not “unilateralism”)
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Auto-golpe of Jorge Serrano in Guatemala (1993) dissolved legislature, closed courts, ruled by decree 5 days later, military ousted Serrano, installing civilian rule
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Honduras and Zelaya (2009)?
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Note that by Pevehouse’s measure, the Arab League gets a low
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GOV_298_24 - What role do international organizations play...

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