TEST NOTES

TEST NOTES - TEST NOTES Sunday, February 13, 2011 6:21 PM...

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TEST NOTES Sunday, February 13, 2011 6:21 PM Qualities of Drama and Theatre Drama Theater Literature Production Text Performance Object Event Product Fluid Finished Process Static Contingent Preservation/Possibilities Interpretation/Impact Aristotle's Six Elements of Drama 1. Plot - most important element 1. Characters 1. Thought - what the play is about/what is relatable 1. Dialect 1. Music 1. Spectacle Origins of Western Drama 8th century BC Homeric myths/epic poetry Dionysian festivals/religious choruses Institution of the polis First Olympic games City of Dionysia in Athens 6th century BC Thespis - first actor 5th century BC Drama emerges as art form in Athens The Bacchae was written in 407 BC Clip: Waiting to Exhale Example of a work providing catharsis Issues in Greek Tragedy Occasion Space Roles Chorus
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Politics Scale Greek Amphitheater Massive compared to modern theaters (holds 15,000 spectators) Consequence for playwrights: Sound projection of the actors Gestures need to be on a bigger scale Greek Performance Conventions Male actors All actors wore masks, including chorus Depersonalized the individual Separates "real life" from "on stage" Greek Literary Conventions Myth - playwrights tried telling old myths in new ways and bring them to life more Chorus Scenes and Choral Passages - alternate to bring variety No Violence - a messenger describes what happens but it isn't shown The Bacchae Seeing Double: Pentheus vs. Dionysus Pentheus: fixing limits Pentheus goes from one extreme to the next withing the play, including: King and Pawn Masculine and Feminine Powerful and Powerless False Knowledge and True Understanding Audience and Main Event Dionysus: breaking boundaries Represents each identity of himself freely Can cross boundaries at will, unlike Pentheus God and Man Man and Woman Greek and Barbarian Man and Beast
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City and Country Context 1: Sophists Group of teachers who used philosophy and taught rationalism Context 2: Peloponnesian War (431 BC) Pentheus is symbol of power that is bleeding away from Athens Themes: Human vs. Divine Personal vs. Public/Political Identity Homeric Code vs. 5th Century Values Homeric characters were distinct; 5th century characters blurred more lines Past vs. Present Examples of Metatheatre: From beginning, Dionysus comes on stage and talks to the audience, telling Them he is going to pretend to be human Use of theatrical effects (prisonbreak scene) Euripides' Dramaturgy Grew out of epic tragedy/characteristic of all Greek tragedy High status - characters are aristocrats, etc. Heightened language - poetic verse
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TEST NOTES - TEST NOTES Sunday, February 13, 2011 6:21 PM...

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