Chapter_3_-_Fibers_Properties_-_Fall_2011_Student_Version

Chapter_3_-_Fibers_Properties_-_Fall_2011_Student_Version -...

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FIBER PROPERTIES CHAPTER 3 1
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2 property a quality or characteristic of a textile fiber many exhibited by each fiber type each fiber type exhibits a unique set determines how a fiber type behaves in use may be inherent or can be changed yd,lb,oz/metric measurement system
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Physical Properties affect appearance and behavior of yarns & fabrics 3
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Physical Properties color natural fibers manufactured fibers 4
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Physical Properties shape and contour cross-section round, oval, u-shaped, triangular hollow multilobal longitudinal form smooth rough, uneven striations scales 5
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Physical Properties luster amount of light reflected by a fiber affected by cross-sectional shape manufactured fibers delustered produced as multilobal 6
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Physical Properties covering power ability of a fabric to obscure an object visual ability of a fiber to hide what is placed beneath it geometric amount of fiber required to make a fabric cover an area 7
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Physical Properties crimp a wavy undulating structure increases resilience, bulk, warmth, and- cohesiveness manufactured fibers can be textured 8
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Physical Properties length staple fibers inches, centimeters cotton, wool filament fibers yards, meters silk, manufactured affects hand filament fibers can be textured 9
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Physical Properties density the ratio of a mass of a substance to a unit of volume grams per cubic centimeter specific gravity the density of a fiber in relation to the density of an equal volume of water at a temp of 4°C more than 1, heavier than water less than 1, lighter than water most fibers are 1 – 1.6 10
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Physical Properties diameter width of cross-section natural fiber– varies from one part to another manufactured fiber– uniform microfiber , ultrafine fineness softness, pliability, and hand drape 11
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course BIO 1002 taught by Professor Hrinchevich during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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Chapter_3_-_Fibers_Properties_-_Fall_2011_Student_Version -...

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