1stconf05 - Veterinary Anatomy Education Veterinary in...

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Unformatted text preview: Veterinary Anatomy Education Veterinary in Indonesia Veterinary School: Present status and future recommendation Srihadi AGUNGPRIYONO, Teguh BUDIPITOJO, Chairun NISA , Erdiansyah RAHMI Contents: Contents: Brief History Education system Veterinary Anatomy in the curriculum Veterinary Anatomy in each Vet School Present condition (SWOT analysis) Plan on future development Education Research Brief History of Indonesian Vet School 1861 first veterinary (2-years) course in Surabaya 1907 first 4-years course of veterinary medicine in Bogor 1949 a branch of vet school was established in Yogyakarta (Gajah Mada) 1961 Establishment of vet school in Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh 1961 Establishment of Vet & Animal Husbandry school in Brawijaya University, Malang, but then Vet School was moved (1962) and established (1972) in Airlangga University, Surabaya 1988 Establishment of vet school in Udayana University, Denpasar IPB Syiah Kuala Gajah Mada 1 2 34 Airlangga 5 Udayana Education & Curriculum Education of Veterinary Medicine Udayana Airlangga Gajah Mada Capacity of each school: 70-150 students per year Graduates : 300-500 veterinarian per year Use the same common curriculum (National Curriculum of Indonesian Veterinary Education) 148-155 credits, 97 are similar (IPB: 188 credits due to 36 credits in the common 1st year) IPB Syiah Kuala Ind Vet Association Veterinary Education Global Issues Int’l standard of professional services Indonesia Vet Schools Competency by Curiculum Internal Affairs Basic Competency of Indonesian Veterinarian Competency by training Standard on Professional Services Competency by requirement Continuing Education Association of specific fields of Vet Vet Professional Services agencies Local Branch of Ind Vet Association Kurikulum Nasional National Curriculum for Veterinary Medicine Education (Signed in the Year 2000 in Airlangga, Surabaya) Total credits : 148-155 credits* Common credits : 97 credits Length of study : 10 semester (5 years) The education course (undergraduate): 1. 4 years (8 semesters, 148-155 credits) Program Pendidikan Sarjana Kedokteran Hewan Bachelor in Veterinary Science (+graduation thesis) 2. 1 year (2 semesters, 36 credits) Program Pendidikan Dokter Hewan Program leading to Doctor of Veterinary Medicine *IPB: total credits = 188 (152+36) Veterinary Education in Indonesia Working Senior High School 4 years SKH (BVSc) Postgraduate (Master) +1 year Drh (DVM) Veterinary Anatomy Veterinary in each Vet School Subject: Veterinary Anatomy Subject: Veterinary Basic divisions: Gross Anatomy, Histology, Embryology Additional courses : Comparative Anatomy, Topographic Anatomy, Animal Biology (partly) Subjects in Veterinary Anatomy and their credits Teaching Subject National USK IPB UGM UNAIR UNUD Comparative Anatomy Animal Biology* - - 2* 2 2 2* Gross Anatomy 8 6 6 4 ˚5 6 Histology 4 4 4 4 3 4 Embryology 2 2 2 2 2 2 Topographic/ Surgical Anatomy / Applied Anatomy - 2 3 1 - 1 14 14 15+2* 13 ˚12 13+2* ˚ Main Textbooks Main Sisson-Grossman : Anatomy of the Domestic Animals Dellman-Brown : Veterinary Histology Lectures/Practical Class Lecture hours : depend on credits Practical class: 1 time/week @ 3 hours Total week in 1 semester : 16 weeks IPB Specimens UGM Comparative anatomy : lab animals, fresh samples Gross anatomy : formalin fixed sheep/goat or dog (UNUD) Wet/dipped : USK, IPB, UNAIR, UNUD Cold storage : UGM Topographic anatomy : formalin fixed horse (IPB) Histology : Paraffin sections Embryology : Fixed/fresh organs, histological specimen IPB, Bogor The only Vet School in Indonesia to use horse in the Topographic and Surgical Anatomy Histology and Embryology : more advanced Gajah Mada University, Yogyakarta Teaching in gross anatomy is taking advantages by the use of cold room for formalin embalmed carcass, therefore minimizes the use and the inconveniences of formalin Udayana, Denpasar The only Vet School to use dogs as models in the teaching of Gross Anatomy Training of Udayana staffs in IPB, Bogor Airlangga, Surabaya Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh Similar in general with those of IPB, but Topographic Anatomy is served as an elective course in Airlangga. In Syiah Kuala the subject has just been started (goat). SWOT Analysis SWOT of the Present Condition SWOT analysis Veterinary Anatomy Strength Weakness •Manpower •Resources •Number of students •Required subject •Learning system •“Standard” Equipments •Developed rigidly •Difficult subject •Less communications •Limited budget •Limited publication •Non conducive condition •Traditional learning system Opportunity Threats •Rapid devl. Basic science •Globalization •Only 5 Vet Schools •Collaboration •Development of livestock industry •Foreign vets •Less recognition on Vet profession Plans for Plans Future Development The development of Veterinary Anatomy is closely related with the whole development of Veterinary Education Year 2003 onward Indonesia enters the era of Globalization Vet Graduates: Skillful, professional, young, able to communicate in English The development of National University as autonomy entities (corporate, effectiveefficient) SWOT analysis Veterinary profession: New emerging diseases, public health, new diagnostic procedures, accreditation New Paradigm Learning Methods TCL based SCL based Domains: cognitive, affective psychomotor, social … etc Development of Curriculum and Management of Vet School Future development Development of Veterinary Anatomy Learning approaches Integrated method of teaching, Integrated laboratories Special Course on certain topics, Continuing education, co-curricular activity Development of research through postgraduate study Case study: integrated teaching method Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies The University of Edinburgh Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Cells, Tissues & Development Body Systems 2 IPC1 IPC4 Clinical/ Para clinical Rotations Body Systems 1 Infection & Immunity IPC2 IPC5 Animal Husbandry—P art 1 Animal Husbandry—P art 2 IPC3 IPC7B PMVPH PMVPH IPC7A PMVPH Morbid Anatomy & Histopathology PMVPH IPC: integrated pathology-clinic; PMVPH: Population Medicine and Vet Public Health Example (IPB) Applied Anatomy Topographic Anatomy of the Horse Radiographic Anatomy Development of certain topics related with student club/ preference (co-curricular activity) Continuing education and special course on certain topics: ophthalmology, radiography Current Research Topics Current Studies of Indonesian native and wild animals (mouse deer, pangolin, babirusa, Bali cattle, bats, macaques, Timor deer, birds..) Morphological studies of the organ systems Study on the reproductive performance, morphology and and preservations of gametes and assisted reproductive technology Research Grants Research Government agencies Riset Unggulan Terpadu (RUT) Riset Unggulan Terpadu Internasional (RUTi) Hibah Bersaing (HB) Hibah Tim Pasca Competitive Grants for Young Scientist Private agencies Toray Scientific Foundation NGO’ s Self Funding University Personal (For Anatomy), Up to 2005 IPB is still the only to get the competitive grants from the Government Strengthening the Research in Veterinary Anatomy 1. Development of man power by training/ study abroad 2. Regular course in advance techniques (histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, tissue culture, molecular biology, embryology) for young staffs (IPB, UGM) 3. Training in laboratory techniques for technicians and young staffs of all the vet school (IPB) 4. Incubatory system for “the smaller”, USK and UNUD (IPB) 5. Strengthening the collaboration in research work among Indonesian vet schools or between the Indonesian and the international vet schools 6. Encouraging scientific environments as well as empowerment of Indonesian Anatomist Associations Thank you very much for kind attention Thank Warm greetings from Indonesia We are looking forward for a further mutual collaborations Acknowledgement Special thanks to the Japan Association of Veterinary Anatomist (JAVA) for generous support and excellent preparation for this valuable meeting Correspondence: Srihadi Agungpriyono, DVM, PhD Department of Anatomy, Physiology & Pharmacology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bogor Agricultural University Jl. Agatis, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor 16680 Indonesia Phone : +62-251-629469 Fax : +62-251-629459 E-mail : ysrihadi@ipb.ac.id ...
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