BIOL224CourseObjectives

BIOL224CourseObjectives - Date Edited Aug 17th 2006 Biology...

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Date Edited: Aug 17 th 2006 Biology 224 - ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY II LECTURE & LABORATORY COURSE OBJECTIVES =================================================================================== The Biol 224 lecture exam and laboratory exam objectives are split into 2 sections – the lecture objectives, followed by the laboratory objectives. However there is obviously considerable overlap between the two and it is impossible to separate them fully. Before each exam review both the lecture and lab objectives for the relevant sections. Some laboratory objectives may appear on the lecture exams and some lecture objectives may appear on the laboratory exams. ==================================================================================== MATERIAL TO BE COVERED ON LECTURE TESTS (ALSO SEE LAB OBJECTIVES) CHAPTER 18: THE HEART 1. Be able to describe the following about the heart: size location valves great vessels path of the blood through the heart to the to lungs path of the blood through the heart to the to systemic circulation 2. Name the coverings of the heart. 3. Know the following functions of the valves of the heart. when and why the valves open and close what keeps certain valves from being forced to open backwards what a heart murmur is 4. Trace route of blood moving through the heart, starting with the inferior and superior vena cava and exiting through the aortic arch. List all valves, chambers, and vessels involved. 5. Describe the operation of the cardiac conduction system by identifying system parts and locations and the proper action sequence for one normal cardiac cycle. Also know: pacemaker areas of the heart reasons for heart block role of gap junctions 6. Draw a diagram of the normal electrocardiogram. Name the individual waves and indicate what each represents in terms of electrical and mechanical activity of the heart.
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Date Edited: Aug 17 th 2006 7. Define and know the equation that relates: Cardiac output Stroke volume Heart Rate 8. Define and know these factors and how they affect Stroke Volume: End diastolic volume venous return End systolic volume Heart Rate Heart Contractility Afterload Preload 9. Explain the role of the sympathetic and parasympathetic (autonomic) nervous system on heart rate and contractility. 10. Know the role of potassium in regulating heart function. 11. Know the definitions of these clinical descriptions of heart function. Fibrillation Defibrillation Tachycardia Bradycardia Coronary or Heart Attack Angina Systole Diastole Congestive Heart Failure Dilated myopathy Pulmonary congestion 12. Know the long term effect that increased blood pressure (afterload) has on the heart. CHAPTER 19: BLOOD VESSELS 1. Know: the three layers of arteries and veins how the layers differ between arteries and veins lumen vaso vasorum endothelial cells
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Date Edited: Aug 17 th 2006 secretions of endothelial cells types of arteries elastic muscular arterioles terminal metarterioles thoroughfare capillaries continuous fenestrated sinusoidal true precapillary sphincter postcapillary venules venules venous valves anastomoses veins arterial arteriovenous 2. Define, know approximate values for and how to calculate (when appropriate) these terms systolic pressure
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BIOL224CourseObjectives - Date Edited Aug 17th 2006 Biology...

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