Bio 348 Human Anatomy & Physiology Lapsansky Western Washington University 2009 LEARNING OBJECTIVES NOTE: Please review the objectives for both the lecture and lab in preparation for lecture exams. Many of the objectives overlap, and may be found on tests in either lab or lecture sessions.ORGANIZATION OF THE HUMAN BODYLecture/Discussion:1.Define anatomy and physiology, and describe the differences in the approaches and techniques used in these sciences. 2.List and describe the major characteristics of life. 3.Outline the 5 principle levels of organizational complexity in the human body. 4.Describe the structure of biological membranes and the movement of materials across cell membranes based on their physical and chemical properties. Include a description of how solutes are distributed unevenly across the cell membrane and why this occurs. 5.Describe homeostatic mechanisms with examples: negative, positive, and feedforward. 6.Differentiate between the various types of intercellular junctions, providing examples in human tissues. 7.Describe the roles of specific organic and inorganic substances in biological systems. 8.Explain the role of enzymes in cellular metabolism and the factors that affect enzyme function. 9.Explain where genetic information is stored, replicated and used in the synthesis of proteins. 10.Describe the general functions of each organ system. 11.Briefly describe the morphogenesis and differentiation of the 3 human embryonic germ layers, and list the tissue specializations (histology) which develop from these germ layers. 12.Describe the locations of the major body cavities (dorsal and ventral); describe the bilayer organization of the serous membranes in the ventral cavities, and describe the organs associated with each cavity. 13.Describe the general characteristics of the formed elements of blood and blood plasma, and discuss the major functions of each. Laboratory:1.Recognize and define the terms used to describe relative positions, body sections, body regions, and normal and pathological states in human health. 2.Describe the locations of the major body cavities; describe the bilayer organization of the membranes and describe the organs associated with each cavity. 3.Recognize and describe the anatomical and physiological characteristics, locations and functions of epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous tissues. 4.Be able to answer the questions posed in the histology guides in the lab manual, eg. which tissues have a good blood supply and which have a poor blood supply, and why? 5.Distinguish between various intercellular substances, including basement membrane, matrix, and various cell-to-cell junctions. 6.Describe the structure and function of glandular epithelium, and differentiate between exocrine, endocrine and heterocrine glands.
has intentionally blurred sections.
Sign up to view the full version.