Unit 1 Anatomy lecture outlines [f02]

Unit 1 Anatomy lecture outlines [f02] - Lecture 1.1 Human...

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1 Lecture 1.1 Human Anatomy, Bio 11, Saddleback College, Dr. D. Iacino Branches of Anatomy Gross Regional Systemic Surface Microscopic Histology Developmental Embryology Pathological Radiographic Functional Structural Hierarchy Chemical Atoms Molecules Cellular Tissues Organ Organ system Organismal Intro to Gross Anatomy (In lab) Anatomic Position
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2 Directional Terms (medial, lateral, superior, inferior, etc.) Axial and Appendicular Skeleton Planes of Section Frontal (coronal) Transverse (cross section) Sagittal (and midsagittal, parasagittal) Human Body Plan shared with Vertebrates Tube within a tube Bilateral symmetry Dorsal nerve cord, notochord Segmentation Pharyngeal Pouches Body Cavities Dorsal Cranial Vertebral Ventral Thoracic Pleural Mediastinum Pericardial Abdominopelvic Abdominal Pelvic Peritoneal Cavity
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3 Serous Cavities (includes pleura, pericardium, peritoneum) Parietal layer Visceral layer Serous fluid Functions to reduce friction between layers Abdominal Quadrants (omit regions) Upper, lower, right, left Microscopy Level of resolution Light Microscopy Tissue Preparation (histology) Fixation Staining Electron Microscopy (EM) Transmission Scanning Medical Imaging X rays (radiographs) Computed Tomography (CT and CAT) Positron emission tomography Sonography (ultrasound) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
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4 Lecture 1.2 Human Anatomy, Bio 11, Saddleback College, Dr. D. Iacino Multicellular Organisms 50-100 trillion cells (100 trillion = 1 x 10 14 ) Compartments Organelles Enzyme Action Controlled environment Metabolism Anabolism C a t a b o l i s m Cell Differentiation Plasma Membrane (plasmalemma) Structure Fluid Mosaic Model Phospholipid bilayer Proteins Integral Peripheral Cholesterol Modifications G l y c o - Lipo- Functions Sequestration, compartmentalization Semipermeability
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5 Transport Endo- and exocytosis Phago- and pinocytosis Osmosis and diffusion Carrier-mediated transport The Cytoplasm (cytosol) Organelles Mitochondria Outer and inner membranes C r i s t a e M a t r i x ATP Aerobic Respiration Ribosomes Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) Translation Messenger RNA (mRNA) Free ribosomes or associated with the ER Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Rough ER (RER) cisternae Smooth ER (SER) Golgi Apparatus Packaging, addressing Vescicles (secretory granules)
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6 Lysosomes Hydrolytic enzymes Tay-Sach's Disease
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course BI 200 taught by Professor Potter during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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Unit 1 Anatomy lecture outlines [f02] - Lecture 1.1 Human...

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