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Chapter11 StudyGuideSummer11 - Microbiology 1 Chapter 11...

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Dr. Lisa Summer 2011 1 (1) Review & read Chapter 11. Study the questions below in study groups. Do multiple choice questions (1-17), and the concept questions (1- 17) at the end of the chapter. 1. Define the terms sterilization, sanitization, sanitary, asepsis, antisepsis, disinfection, degerming, and pasteurization. How are these terms related to each other? 2. Relate the suffixes “cidal” and “static” to bacteria, fungi, algae, and viruses. Is it always necessary to kill microbes? Why or why not? Clinical applications? When is it appropriate for conditions to be sanitary and septic? When is it appropriate to be able to control microbial growth? Is it always appropriate to kill all microbes to achieve microbial control? 3. What is the main difference between physical and chemical control agents? Do microbiologists use any other methods? 4. What are the differences between a chemotherapeutic agent, an antibiotic, a disinfectant and an antiseptic? Can an antimicrobial agent be classified/utilized in more than one of these categories? What might prevent extensive use of any given agent?
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