Chapter 10 - Chapter 10 Classification of Microorganisms...

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Chapter 10 Classification of Microorganisms
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Taxonomy Taxonomy The science of classifying organisms Provides universal names for organisms Provides a reference for identifying organisms
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Taxonomy Systematics or phylogeny The study of the evolutionary history of organisms All Species Inventory (2001-2025) To identify all species of life on Earth
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Taxonomy 1735 Plant and Animal Kingdoms 1857 Bacteria & fungi put in the Plant Kingdom 1866 Kingdom Protista proposed for bacteria, protozoa, algae, & fungi 1937 "Prokaryote" introduced for cells "without a nucleus" 1961 Prokaryote defined as cells in which nucleoplasm is not surrounded by a nuclear membrane 1959 Kingdom Fungi 1968 Kingdom Prokaryotae proposed 1978 Two types of prokaryotic cells found
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The Three-Domain System Table 10.1
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The Three-Domain System Figure 10.1
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Table 10.2
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Endosymbiotic Theory Figure 10.3 Figure 10.2
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Scientific Names Scientific binomial Source of Genus name Source of Specific epithet Kbebsiella pneumoniae
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