4072_Part_IV_Background

4072_Part_IV_Background - HUEC4072:HISTORYOFDRESS...

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HUEC 4072:  HISTORY OF DRESS AND ADORNMENT AFTER 1700 Part IV: 1600 – 1800 Background Information Dr. Jenna T. Kuttruff Professor School of Human Ecology Louisiana State University
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Part IV: 1600 – 1800
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17 th  Century European wide upheavals included Civil wars Revolts Peasant uprisings Rebellions of the nobility Execution of Charles I, January 30, 1649, Whitehall by Ernest Crofts http://www.civilwarartprints.com/king_charles_i.htm
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17 th  Century Absolute monarchy developed Accepted throughout most of Europe Except Great Britain Louis XIV, The Sun King by J. Werner http://www.assumption.edu/HTML/Faculty/Gallo/Louis.html
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English Monarchy 1625 Charles I becomes the King of England 1642 Civil War in England 1649 Charles I Executed
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English Commonwealth  1649 – 1660 Monarch is replaced by Commonwealth Restoration of the monarchy, Charles II becomes King
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Young  Louis XIV Became King of France at age 5 Reined 72 years 1643-1715 Rebellion among nobles threatened his life during his youth As an adult he resolved to forestall future rebellions Built palace at Versailles outside of Paris Controlled nobles by keeping them at court
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France 1643 – 1715 Absolute monarch established during the reign of Louis XIV 1682 French Court moves to the Palace of Versailles
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Louis XIV Portrait of Louis XIV and family, including pet Papillon, by Nicolas de Largilliere. (1710 ) http://www.freshwaterpearlspuppetry.com/koira/largilliere.html Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre by Unidentified Artist (1675)
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France 1774 Louis XVI King of France 1789 Unrest leads to the French Revolution 1715 Louis XV King of France
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18 th  Century Wars between European powers became global Fighting in India and America Ended with French and American Revolutions Fall of the Bastille, July 14, 1789 http://www.assumption.edu/HTML/Faculty/Gallo/Louis.html
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Late 18th Century - American Revolution  shows other forms of government possible
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Catholic Counter-Reformation halted the spread of Protestantism Catholic - France, Spain Protestant - Britain, No. Germany, Scandinavia, Holland, Louis XIV reversed Edict of Nantes and resumed persecution of French Protestants Huguenots fled France (many in textile trades,
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4072_Part_IV_Background - HUEC4072:HISTORYOFDRESS...

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