Ch.10 18th_C_Background

Ch.10 18th_C_Background - HUEC 4072: HISTORY OF DRESS AND...

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Unformatted text preview: HUEC 4072: HISTORY OF DRESS AND ADORNMENT AFTER 1700 CHAPTER 10: The Eighteenth Century Dr. Jenna T. Kuttruff Professor School of Human Ecology Louisiana State University CHAPTER 10: The Eighteenth Century 1700 1800 Background Information c. 1700 - 1800 THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY C H A P T E R T E N Historical Background Louis XIV (1643-1715) Followed by his great-grand-son Louis XV (1715-1774) Followed by his grandson, Louis XVI (1774- 1793) Baroque art style gradually changes to the Rococo (by the 1720s) Less massive, curves were more slender and delicate Emphasis placed on asymmetrical balance The French Court continued as center of fashion during the reigns of Louis XV and XVI. Historical Background Louis XV was not adept at ruling the country Sought entertainment in hunting and women Mme. de Pompadour, one of his mistresses, served as the king's political advisor Wars brought defeat and debts, he died a hated king in 1774 France still dominated the culture of western Europe Set the style in fashion literature, decorative arts, and philosophical theories Louis XV as a child http://www.histoire-en-ligne.com/article.php3? id_article=229 Louis XV http://www.ac-strasbourg.fr/pedago/lettres/Victor %20Hugo/Notes/Louis_XV.htm Maria Leszczynska Wife of Louis XV Maria Leszczynska, daughter of the king of Poland, Wife of Louis XV http://pagesperso-orange.fr/stanislas/stanislas/photos-stanislas- histoire/marie%20leszczynska%20et%20le%20dauphin%201729.jpg Madame de Pompadour Mistress of Louis XV Historical Background Louis XVI (16 th ) married Marie Antoinette when she was 14 (Austrian Princess) He was an inept ruler and she was unpopular France helped finance the American Revolution French government went bankrupt in 1789, forced the calling of the Estates General Declared itself a National Assembly, abolished feudalism and began to write a constitution The French Revolution was taken over by a group of radicals Ended the monarchy and executed the King and Queen in 1793 Louis XVI, King of France 1774-1793 http://encyclozine.com/Louis_XVI Louis XVI in Revoutionary Attire http://www.sepulchritude.com/chapelperilous/decollet e/revolt/louis10.jpg Marie Antoinette Wife of Louis XVI Marie Antoinette and her children Versailles 1788, LeBrun http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://worldroots.com/brigitte/gifs/marieantoinette.gif&imgrefurl The Execution of Louis XVI January 21, 1793 http://www.sepulchritude.com/chapelperilous/decollete/revolt/louis07.jpg French Revolutionaries The French Revolution http://www.napoleonguide.com/books_pos tersfr3.htm Historical Background...
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Ch.10 18th_C_Background - HUEC 4072: HISTORY OF DRESS AND...

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